Treaty of September 8, 1815

A Treaty between the United States of America and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie Tribes of Indians, residing within the limits of the State of Ohio, and the Territories of Indiana and Michigan.

Whereas the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie, tribes of Indians, together with certain bands of the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, and Miami tribes, were associated with Great Britain in the late war between the United States and that power, and have manifested a disposition to be restored to the relations of peace and amity with the said States; and the President of the United States having appointed William Henry Harrison, late a Major General in the service of the United States, Duncan M’Arthur, late a Brigadier in the service of the United States, and John Graham, Esquire, as Commissioners to treat with the said tribes; the said Commissioners and the Sachems, Headmen, and Warriors, of said tribes having met in Council at the Spring Wells, near the city of Detroit, have agreed to the following Articles, which, when ratified by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall be binding on them and the said tribes:

Article 1. The United States give peace to the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie, tribes.

Article 2. They also agree to restore to the said Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie tribes all the possessions, rights, and priviledges, which they enjoyed, or were entitled to, in the year one thousand eight hundred and eleven, prior to the commencement of the late war with Great Britain; and the said tribes, upon their part, agree again to place themselves under the protection of the United States, and of no other power whatsoever.

Article 3. In consideration of the fidelity to the United States which has been manifested by the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, and Shawanoe, tribes, throughout the late war, and of the repentance of the Miami tribe, as manifested by placing themselves under the protection of the United States, by the treaty of Greenville, in eighteen hundred and fourteen, the said States agree to pardon such of the chiefs and warriors of said tribes as may have continued hostilities against them until the close of the war with Great Britain, and to permit the chiefs of their respective tribes to restore them to the stations and property which they held previously to the war.

Article 4. The United States and the beforementioned tribes or nations of Indians, that is to say, the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimies, agree to renew and confirm the treaty of Greenville, made in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, and all subsequent treaties to which they were, respectively, parties, and the same are hereby again ratified and confirmed in as full a manner as if they were inserted in this treaty.

Done at Spring Wells, the eighth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States, the fortieth.

In testimony whereof, they, the said commissioners, and the sachems, head men and warriors of the different tribes, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals.

William Henry Harrison
Duncan McArthur
John Graham

Wyandot chiefs:
Tarhee, or the crane, his x mark
Harrouyeou, or Cherokee boy, his x mark
Sanohskee, or long house, his x mark
Outoctutimoh, or cub, his x mark
Myecruh, or walk in the water, his x mark
Tyanumka, his x mark
Mymehamkee, or Barnett, his x mark

Shawanoe chiefs:
Cutaweskeshah, or black hoof, his x mark
Nutsheway, or wolf’s brother, his x mark
Tamenatha, or butler, his x mark
Shemenetoo, or big snake, his x mark
Outhowwaheshegath, or yellow plume, his x mark,
Quatawwepay, or capt. Lewis, his x mark
Mishquathree, or capt. Reid, his x mark
Tecumtequah, his x mark

Ottawa chiefs:
Tontegenah, or the dog, his x mark
Tashcuygon, or McArthur, his x mark
Okemas, or little chief, his x mark
Nashkemah, his x mark
Watashnewah, his x mark
Onqunogesh, or ugly fellow, his x mark
Menitugawboway, or the devil standing, his x mark
Kelystum, or first actor, his x mark

Ottawas from Mackinack:
Kemenechagon, or the bastard, his x mark
Karbenequane, or the one who went in front, his x mark

Ottawa from Grand River:
Mechequez, his x mark

A Winnebago from Mackinack:
Wassachum, or first to start the whites, his x mark

Chippewa chiefs:
Papnescha, or turn round about, his x mark
Nowgeschick, or twelve o’clock, his x mark
Shamanetoo, or God Almighty, his x mark
Wissenesoh, his x mark
Cacheonquet, or big cloud, his x mark
Menactome, or the little fly, his x mark
Enewame, or crow, his x mark
Nauaquaoto, his x mark
Paanassee, or the bird, his x mark

Delaware chiefs:
Toctowayning, or Anderson, his x mark
Lamahtanoquez, his x mark
Matahoopan, his x mark
Aaheppan, or the buck, his x mark
Jim Killbuck, his x mark
Captain Beaver, his x mark
McDonald, his x mark

Seneca chiefs:
Tahummindoyeh, or between words, his x mark
Yonundankykueurent, or John Harris, his x mark
Masomea, or Civil John, his x mark
Saccorawahtah, or wiping stick, his x mark

Potawatimie chiefs:
Topeeneebee, his x mark
Noungeesai, or five medals, his x mark
Naynauawsekaw, his x mark
Joeeonce, his x mark
Cocneg, his x mark
Ohshawkeebee, his x mark
Waineamaygoas, his x mark
Meeksawbay, his x mark
Mongaw, his x mark
Nawnawmee, his x mark
Chay Chauk, or the crane, his x mark
Wanaunaiskee, his x mark
Pashapow, his x mark
Honkemani, or the chief, his x mark
Neesscatimeneemay, his x mark
Ponngeasais, his x mark
Nounnawkeskawaw, his x mark
Chickawno, his x mark
Mitteeay, his x mark
Messeecawee, his x mark
Neepoashe, his x mark
Kaitchaynee, his x mark
Waymeego, or W. H. Harrison, his x mark
Louison, his x mark
Osheouskeebee, his x mark

Miami chiefs:
Pacan, his x mark
Singomesha, or the owl, his x mark
Totanag, or the butterfly, his x mark
Osage, or the neutral, his x mark
Wabsioung, or the white skin, his x mark
Wapaassabina, or white racoon, his x mark
Otteutaqua, or a blower of his breath, his x mark
Makatasabina, or black racoon, his x mark
Wapeshesa, or white appearance in the water, his x mark
Motosamea, or Indian, his x mark
Shacanbe, his x mark
Shequar, or the poor racoon, his x mark
Cartanquar, or the sky, his x mark
Okemabenaseh, or the king bird, his x mark
Wapenaseme, or the collector of birds, his x mark
Mecinnabee, or the setting stone, his x mark
Annawba; his x mark
Mashepesheewingqua, or tiger’s face, his x mark

Signed in the presence of:
A. L. Langhan, secretary to the commission,
Lewis Cass,
James Miller, brig. general U. S. Army,
Willoughby Morgan, major U. S. Army,
A. B. Woodward,
Hy. B. Brevoort, late Major Forty-fifth Infantry,
John Bidder, Captain U. S. Corps Artillery,
James May, J. P.,
Peter Audrain, Reg. L. O. D.,
Jn. K. Walker, Wyandot interpreter,
Francis Jansen,
James Riley, interpreter,
William Kingg,
Francois Mouton,
John Kenzie, interpreter,
F. Duchouquet, United States interpreter, W.,
Louis Bufait, Indian interpreter,
J. Bts. Chandonnai, interpreter,
W. Knaggs,
Antoine Bondi,
Jean Bt. Massac, his x mark.

Collection: Indian Treaties Acts and Agreements. Web. © 2016.

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