Census Records

A census is an official enumeration of the population in a particular area. In addition to counting the inhabitants of an area, the census generally collects other vital information, such as names, ages, citizenship status, and ethnic background. Each census can prove to be invaluable in painting a portrait of a family at a particular place and time. For genealogists, census records have become the go-to tool when conducting research in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In theory, census enumerate every person in every household, in every district, in every town, in the state or country the census was taken in. In reality, they did miss people, for various reasons, and quite often misspelled names. To add further confusion, most census indices have been extracted by foreigners not familiar with the handwriting of the enumerator, or the local names. This requires the researcher to be diligent in searching for an individual, and don’t always take a “no results” in a search as the definitive word.

Free Census Forms

These census forms will help you keep track of the census information you find online: Free Census Forms

United States Census Records Online

We have chosen to break our census down by location. The following state links will provide you with listings of the available online census records broken down by county.

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British Census

Canadian Census

Recent Census Records

Recent posts on census records

Alabama Mortality Census Records

The 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1885 censuses included inquiries about persons who had died in the twelve months immediately preceding the enumeration. The 1850, 1960, 1870, and 1880 mortality census for Alabama all survived. Mortality schedules list deaths from 1 June through 31 May of 1849–50, 1859–60, 1869–70, 1879–80,…
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Indians in Mason County Michigan 1850 Census

The following 75 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 6 (color) of the 1850 census for Mason County Michigan. One will note, that this does not follow the federal instructions for the census, as it was not intended that Native Americans be included in this census, but the…
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Indians in Mason County Michigan 1880 Census

These 355 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 4 (color) of the 1880 census for Mason County Michigan. In order to have been enumerated they are believed to either have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens; or because they “mingled” with the…
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Indians in Mason County Michigan 1870 Census

These 229 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 6 (color) of the 1870 census for Mason County Michigan. In order to have been enumerated they are believed to have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens.
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Indians in Mason County Michigan 1860 Census

These 409 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 6 (color) of the 1860 census for Mason County Michigan. In order to have been enumerated they are believed to have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens.
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Lowell Massachusetts Genealogy

Tracing ancestors in Lowell, Massachusetts online and for free has been greatly enhanced by the University of Massachusetts in Lowell which provided digitized version of a large quantity of the Lowell public records. Combined with the cemetery and census records available freely online, you should be able to easily trace…
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1860 Census West of Arkansas – Creek Nation

Free Inhabitants in “The Creek Nation” in the County “West of the” State of “Akansas” enumerated on the “16th” day of “August” 1860. While the census lists “free inhabitants” it is obvious that the list contains names of Native Americans, both of the Creek and Seminole tribes, and probably others.…
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Cayuga County New York Census Records

Cayuga County New York Census Records – Search and view the US Federal Census Images from 1790-1940 for Cayuga County, New York for free. Also provided are lists of any state census available online for Cayuga County NY.
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1860 Cayuga County New York Census

The following are part of GenWeb’s Census Project website and provide a complete index and transcription for the 1860 Cayuga County New York Census. Since there is no intro page created by the project which reflects this specific census we have created this page so that our users understand the…
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Seneca County New York Census Records

Seneca County New York Census Records – Search and view the US Federal Census Images from 1790-1940 for Seneca County, New York for free. Also provided are lists of any state census available online for Seneca County NY.
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