Indians in Mason County Michigan 1880 Census

The following 355 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 4 (color) of the 1880 census for Mason County Michigan.

The instructions to enumerators for conducting the 1870 census were essentially the same as those for the 1860 census:

Indians not taxed are not to be enumerated. The families of Indians who have renounced tribal rule, and who under state or territory laws exercise the rights of citizens, are to be enumerated. 1Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.

In the 1880 instructions the phrase “Indians not taxes” was expanded to:

By the phrase “Indians not taxed” is meant Indians living on reservations under the care of Government agents, or roaming individually, or in bands, over unsettled tracts of country.

Indians not in tribal relations, whether full-bloods or half-breeds, who are found mingled with the white population, residing in white families, engaged as servants or laborers, or living in huts or wigwams on the outskirts of towns or settlements are to be regarded as a part of the ordinary population of the country for the constitutional purpose of the apportionment of Representatives among the States, and are to be embraced in the enumeration. 2Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.

So the following 355 people identified in the 1880 Mason County Michigan census are believed to either have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens to be enumerated; or because they mingled with the white population of these Michigan towns were enumerated under the expanded definitions.

I noticed when compiling these results that the population of those being identified as Indians in Mason County increased from 229 in 1860, to only 355 in 1880, but still did not match the 409 who were enumerated in 1860. This follows a recognized statewide pattern of increased Native American population for Michigan from 1870 to 1880.

The records below contains only those in a household who were identified by an I for their color. There may be others in the household who are not identified below and that will be on the actual census images.

1880 Census Mason County NA

TownH#F#SurnameGiveRaceSexAgeRelationOccupation
Freesoil6969ChinquamJohnIndianm42Laborer
Freesoil6969ChinquamElizabethIndianf34wife
Freesoil6969ChinquamJosephIndianm16son
Freesoil6969ChinquamSarahIndianf9daughter
Freesoil6969ChinquamLucyIndianf7daughter
Freesoil6969ChinquamKittieIndianf5daughter
Freesoil7070CarmoosaJamesIndianm78Laborer
Freesoil7070CarmoosaSarahIndianf64wife
Freesoil7070CarmoosaPeterIndianm21son
Freesoil7070CarmoosaElizabethIndianf19grandaughter
Freesoil7070CarmoosaDennisIndianm14grandson
Freesoil7171WalkerPeterIndianm35
Freesoil7171WalkerBashawIndianf33wife
Freesoil7171WalkerHenryIndianm12son
Freesoil7171WalkerAnnIndianf4daughter
Freesoil7171WalkerPeterIndianm2son
Freesoil7171WalkerElizabethIndianf2 mosdaughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartWilliamIndianm62farmer
Hamlin7881BarnhartMargaretIndianf55wife
Hamlin7881BarnhartGeorgeIndianm22son
Hamlin7881BarnhartMaryIndianf20daughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartSimonIndianm8son
Hamlin7881BarnhartLillyIndianf6daughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartWilliamIndianm4son
Hamlin7881BarnhartJohnIndianm2son
Hamlin7982PetersJamesIndianm47farmer
Hamlin7982PetersSarahIndianf36wife
Hamlin7982PetersElizabethIndianf17daughter
Hamlin7982PetersMargaretIndianf15daughter
Hamlin7982PetersDennisIndianm15son
Hamlin7982PetersMaryIndianf1daughter
Hamlin8083SussesawayRolIndianm28farmer
Hamlin8083SussesawayHarrietIndianf22wife
Hamlin8083SussesawayWilliamIndianm6son
Hamlin8083SussesawayJosephIndianm2son
Hamlin8083ArcheyWilliamIndianm10
Hamlin8083ArcheyThomasIndianm8
Hamlin8184LekaEphraimIndianm54farmer
Hamlin8184LekaSarahIndianf24wife
Hamlin8184LekaElizaIndianf24daughter
Hamlin8184LekaPeterIndianm17son
Hamlin8184LekaElizabethIndianf13daughter
Hamlin8184LekaMaryIndianf10daughter
Hamlin8184LekaLotyIndianm5son
Hamlin8184LekaSusanIndianf3daughter
Hamlin8184LekaBenjaminIndianm1son
Hamlin8285EsproPeterIndianm57farmer
Hamlin8285EsproSarahIndianf50wife
Hamlin8285EsproJennyIndianf15daughter
Hamlin8285EsproMaryIndianf5daughter
Hamlin8285EsproSusanIndianf1daughter
Custer7474WilliamsCharlesIndianm35farming
Custer7474WilliamsJaneIndianf28wife
Custer7979NordinNancyIndianfemale27
Custer7979NordinWilliamIndianmale2son
Custer7979DishpaHishahwayIndianfemale80boarder
Custer7979AlexanderWilliamIndianmale24boarder
Custer7979MedavisDavidIndianmale22boarder
Custer8080WilliamsJohnIndianmale28
Custer8080WilliamsElizaIndianfemale40wife
Custer8080WilliamsElizaIndianfemale16daughter
Custer8181KingThomasIndianmale28
Custer8181KingMaryIndianfemale27wife
Custer8181KingAhshlateshegoquaIndianfemale14
Custer8181DanielsWilliamIndianmale3brother in law
Custer8282White PigeonGeorgeIndianmale30works in woods
Custer8282White PigeonMaryIndianfemale26wife
Custer8282White PigeonMacowshayIndianmale6son
Custer8282White PigeonSowquoahIndianfemale2daughter
Custer8383HallMaryIndianfemale26
Custer8383HallMaryIndianfemale12daughter
Custer8383HallClaraIndianfemale9daughter
Custer8383HallLewisIndianmale6son
Custer8383HallPeterIndianmale4son
Custer8383HallAliceIndianfemale2daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashGeorgeIndianmale80farming
Custer8484ChingqnashCharityIndianfemale45wife
Custer8484ChingqnashSarahIndianfemale21daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashSophiaIndianfemale10daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashGeorgeIndianmale3grandson
Custer8585ChingqnashDavidIndianmale27farming
Custer8585ChingqnashCharityIndianfemale27wife
Custer8585ChingqnashJohnIndianmale10
Custer8585ShawnoregaGeorgeIndianmale20boarder
Custer8686GreenAmosIndianmale48farming
Custer8686GreenNancyIndianfemale30wife
Custer8686GreenDanielIndianmale8son
Custer8686GreenLewisIndianmale3son
Custer8686PetersGeorgeIndianmale22boarder
Custer8787FoxMaryIndianfemale70
Custer8787FoxLucyIndianfemale29daughter
Custer8787PseinnetteCharlieIndianmale12grandson
Custer9090HallIsaacIndianmale40Laborer
Custer9090HallJosephIndianmale4son
Custer9090HallMaryIndianfemale80mother
Custer9090HallClaraIndianfemale7boarder
Custer9191HallJosephIndianmale42Laborer
Custer9191HallKatherineIndianfemale40wife
Custer9191HallSarahIndianfemale15daughter
Custer9191HallUzariasIndianmale13son
Custer9191HallEddieIndianmale6son
Custer9292HallCorneliusIndianmale38farms
Custer9292HallFlorenceIndianfemale38wife
Custer9292HallIsaacIndianmale11son
Custer9292HallLucindaIndianfemale4daughter
Custer9292HallFredrickIndianmale5 mosson
Custer9393HallGeorgeIndianmale28farming
Custer9393HallAngelineIndianfemale20wife
Custer9393HallMelissaIndianfemale2daughter
Custer9393HallSpencerIndianmale6son
Custer9494AspuPeterIndianmale30farming
Custer9494RabbitJamesIndianmale31farming
Custer9494SahsahgeraRobertIndianmale24farming
Custer9595MenomineJohnIndianmale39farming
Custer9696CraneCharlesIndianmale32farming
Custer9696CraneNancyIndianfemale29wife
Custer9696CraneScottIndianmale7son
Custer9696CraneSolomonIndianmale2son
Custer9696CraneEddieIndianmale4son
Custer9696FitchMaryIndianfemale40boarder
Custer9696FitchGeorgeIndianmale18boarder
Custer9797PeterJohnIndianmale44
Custer9797PeterMarthaIndianfemale22wife
Custer9797PeterGeorgeIndianmale17son
Custer9797PeterThomasIndianmale13son
Custer9797PeterEdwardIndianmale5son
Custer9797PeterCharlieIndianmale3son
Custer9797PeterSamsonIndianmale1son
Custer9898CraneGeorgeIndianmale34
Custer9898CraneElizaIndianfemale28
Custer9898CraneGeorgeIndianmale14son
Custer9898CraneHiramIndianmale9son
Custer9898CraneScottIndianmale8son
Custer9898CraneSolomonIndianmale4son
Custer9898CraneSouthern SkyIndianmale8 mosson
Custer9898DanielsMargrettIndianfemale4boarder
Custer9999WardJohnIndianmale52
Custer100100JonasHenryIndianmale60preacher
Custer100100JonasKerriahIndianfemale58wife
Custer100100BeckwedestMaryIndianfemale14boarder
Custer100100SmithJohnIndianmale24boarder
Custer113113ShawMarthaIndianfemale40
Custer118118SanbeeGeorgeIndianmale51farmer
Custer118118SanbeeMaryIndianfemale45wife
Custer118118SanbeeJamesIndianmale12son
Custer118118SanbeeEddyIndianmale6son
Custer118118SanbeeLoisIndianfemale11 mosdaughter
Custer118118WakefieldJohnIndianmale70father in law
Custer119119FreemanSuttonIndianmale44farming
Custer119119FreemanJaneIndianfemale43wife
Custer119119FreemanAndrewIndianmale15son
Custer119119FreemanJohnsonIndianmale6son
Custer119119FreemanMifrisquaIndianfemale65mother in law
Custer120120ShawA.C.Indianmale57farming
Custer120120ShawMarthaIndianfemale65wife
Custer120120ShawGran no queIndianfemale17daughter
Custer131131Big BoneLewisIndianmale40
Branch163163ClarbasquamoquaIndianf35
Branch164164JireWilliamIndianm27
Branch164164JireHenryIndianm7son
Branch164164JireAliceIndianf3daughter
Branch165165CisheonquodooquaIndianm42
Branch165165NancyIndianf21wife
Branch166166MovittJimIndianm35
Branch166166MovittSarahIndianf45wife
Branch166166MovittMoneteos shaIndianm13son
Branch167167OrdasSarahIndianf30
Branch167167OrdasShermanIndianm4son
Branch167167OrdasJimIndianm10son
Branch167167OrdasJohnnieIndianm19son
Branch167167OrdasNancyIndianf40sister
Branch167167OrdasJoeIndianm1son
Branch167167OrdasMargrettIndianf60mother
Branch177177JoeCharlieIndianm22
Branch187187JoeMaryIndianf22cooks in boarding house
Branch187187JoeHarryIndianm4
Branch187187JoeJohnnieIndianm1
Branch205205HenmanGeorgeIndianm31Laborer
Branch205205ScottN.B.Indianf26wife
Branch205205ScottSpencerIndianm8 mosson
Branch251251JosiahFrankIndianm25boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251SimmsHermanIndianm26boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251LewisIsaacIndianm17boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251PetersSolomonIndianm17boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251Dim shadBeelyIndianm14boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251PeteAlexIndianm30boarderWorks in woods
Branch253253ChinquashJohnIndianm28
Branch253253ChinquashCot meIndianf30wife
Branch253253ChinquashMarthaIndianf20sister
Branch270270Truck a nob a noPeterIndianm47farming
Branch270270Truck a nob a noNancyIndianf37wife
Branch270270Truck a nob a noNancyIndianf10sister
Branch271271MawbyJoeIndianm42farming
Branch271271MawbyKeeyanIndianf46wife
Branch271271MawbyJimIndianm19son
Branch271271MawbyElizabethIndianf14daughter
Branch271271MawbyAngelicIndianf12daughter
Branch271271MawbyJosephIndianm10son
Branch271271MawbyMaryIndianf6daughter
Branch271271MawbyWaunabequaIndianm66boarder
Branch271271MawbyMargrettIndianf100boarder
Branch272272GoodJohnIndianm72
Branch272272GoodJaneIndianf88wife
Branch272272GoodMaryIndianf30boarder
Branch272272GoodAnnaIndianf24daughter
Branch272272GoodMatildaIndianf3daughter
Branch276276DoneganAnthonyIndianm60
Branch276276DoneganLewisIndianm29son
Branch276276DoneganTinesIndianf18daughter
Branch276276DoneganJoeIndianm36son
Eden138138Mat too quaWilliamIndianmale54
Eden138138Mat too quaOrsharwakIndianfemale40wife
Eden138138Mat too quaCharlieIndianmale22son
Eden138138Mat too quaMaryIndianfemale18daughter
Eden138138Mat too quaElizabethIndianfemale4daughter
Eden159159ChinguashPeterIndianmale33Laborer
Eden207207MahhooMarguttIndianfemale45farming
Eden209209Mash kauPeterIndianmale35farming
Eden209209Mash kauLucyIndianfemale40wife
Eden209209Mash kauSarahIndianfemale9daughter
Eden209209Mash kauAmyIndianfemale5daughter
Eden209209Mash kauJuliaIndianfemale3daughter
Eden209209Mash kauJohnIndianmale2 mosson
Eden210210Mash kauIsaacIndianmale23farming
Eden210210Mash kauJohnIndianmale89father
Eden210210Mash kauWah own quaIndianfemale75mother
Eden210210JakeJohnnieIndianmale5boarder
Eden210210ElliottJosephIndianmale70boarder
Eden210210Shib she quaIndianfemale80boarder
Eden211211Saw WakNewtonIndianmale30
Eden211211Saw WakBenyIndianmale10son
Eden211211Saw WakMarthaIndianfemale7daughter
Eden211211Saw WakJohnnieIndianmale5son
Eden212212ChipewaKelseyIndianmale40
Eden212212ChipewaMa ae quaIndianfemale36wife
Eden212212ChipewaJosephIndianmale17son
Eden212212ChipewaHeel?Indianmale15son
Eden212212ChipewaNancyIndianfemale7daughter
Eden212212ChipewaAliceIndianfemale1daughter
Eden213213CippwaIndianmale60farming
Eden213213Negish qu quaIndianfemale57wife
Eden213213MaryIndianfemale12daughter
Eden216216BlacksmithJakeIndianmale55farming
Eden216216BlacksmithSah kushIndianfemale50wife
Eden216216BlacksmithBenjaminIndianmale3son
Eden217217Shib I SheeJohnIndianmale67farming
Eden217217Shib I SheeAmyIndianfemale50wife
Eden217217Shib I SheeMargrettIndianfemale10daughter
Eden218218Ah she ke shikIndianmale99
Eden218218Ke wah be quaIndianfemale88
Eden219219RennetJoeIndianmale32
Eden219219RennetSarahIndianfemale47wife
Eden220220LichtDavidIndianmale80farming
Eden220220LichtJaneIndianfemale32daughter
Eden220220LichtSophiaIndianfemale82wife
Eden221221AndersonPeterIndianmale37farming
Eden221221AndersonNancyIndianfemale35wife
Eden221221AndersonNancyIndianfemale10daughter
Eden221221AndersonEvaIndianfemale6daughter
Eden221221AndersonMaryIndianfemale2daughter
Eden223223ElliottDavidIndianmale40farming
Eden223223ElliottElizaIndianfemale36wife
Eden224224Gah ge jre con quaIndianmale44
Eden224224MaryIndianfemale17
Eden224224MargrettIndianfemale7daughter
Eden224224MarthaIndianfemale3daughter
Eden225225Gah goJohnIndianmale35farming
Eden225225Gah goAnnieIndianfemale25wife
Eden225225Gah goMarthaIndianfemale8daughter
Eden225225Gah goWardIndianmale4son
Eden225225Gah goThaddeusIndianmale2son
Eden225225Gah goBig MarshIndianmale70father
Eden226226LichtJosiahIndianmale35Laborer
Eden226226LichtMaryanIndianfemale29wife
Eden226226LichtJosephIndianmale12son
Eden226226LichtHenryIndianmale11son
Eden226226LichtCarolineIndianfemale5daughter
Eden226226LichtDavidIndianmale2son
Eden227227ShambooJohnIndianmale36farming
Eden227227ShambooMaryIndianfemale20wife
Eden227227ShambooJohnIndianmale6son
Eden227227ShambooMaryIndianfemale2daughter
Eden227227ShambooWombiguinquaIndianfemale8 mosdaughter
Eden228228JudsonJamesIndianmale36farming
Eden228228JudsonAngelineIndianfemale27wife
Eden228228JudsonJuliaIndianfemale12daughter
Eden228228JudsonElizabethIndianfemale10daughter
Eden228228JudsonAdaIndianfemale8daughter
Eden228228JudsonSarahIndianfemale1 modaughter
Eden228228JudsonMinervaIndianfemale65mother
Eden229229CamburnMyronIndianmale47
Eden229229CamburnLeviIndianmale14son
Eden229229CamburnWon quaIndianfemale47wife
Eden229229CamburnMargrettIndianfemale55step mother
Eden229229HickeyManarrehIndianfemale70boarder
Eden231231BeckwedstWilliamIndianmale65farming
Eden231231BeckwedstMaryIndianfemale60wife
Eden231231BeckwedstSophiaIndianfemale32daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstOsaleIndianfemale17daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstMarthaIndianfemale15daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstElizaIndianfemale2daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstAngelicaIndianfemale105mother
Eden231231HickeyDanielIndianmale20son in law
Eden232232MedavisLewisIndianmale30farming
Eden232232MedavisLydiaIndianfemale26wife
Eden232232MedavisMarthaIndianfemale10daughter
Eden232232MedavisMary AnnIndianfemale6daughter
Eden232232MedavisNancyIndianfemale4daughter
Eden232232ShawJacobIndianmale38brother in law
Eden232232WilliamsAngelicaIndianfemale17boarder
Eden234234McClelanLewisIndianmale35farming
Eden234234McClelanChristineIndianfemale40wife
Eden234234McClelanJimIndianmale11son
Eden234234McClelanMosesIndianmale8son
Eden234234McClelanJulietteIndianfemale4daughter
Eden235235GenerauWilliamIndianmale35farming
Eden235235GenerauBetsyIndianfemale29wife
Eden235235GenerauEmmaIndianfemale12daughter
Eden235235GenerauElizaIndianfemale5daughter
Eden235235GenerauIsaacIndianmale6 mosson
Eden235235GenerauSolomonIndianmale17son
Eden237237MedoccoCharlieIndianmale28farmingfarming
Eden237237MedoccoMaryIndianfemale23wife
Eden238238BeryNancyIndianfemale18
Eden238238BerySamuelIndianmale30husband
Eden239239Tucka nob quaJohnIndianmale26farmingfarming
Eden239239Tucka nob quaSophiaIndianfemale18wife
Eden239239Tucka nob quaMaw beeIndianmale1son
Eden301301Ma ze may be quaIndianmale55farming
Eden301301Ba may re may quaIndianfemale22daughter
Eden301301JaneIndianfemale3daughter
Eden301301JohnIndianmale3 mosson
Eden301301KingMaryIndianfemale45boarder
Eden301301Bluck markJoeIndianmale50boarder
Eden307307BeanJohnIndianmale80farming
Eden307307BeanMaryIndianfemale85wife
Eden307307BeanPeterIndianmale22son
Eden307307BeanGeorgeIndianmale10nephew
Eden307307BeanJohnnieIndianmale9nephew
Eden308308Mc ColumJohnIndianmale30
Eden308308Mc ColumSan gutchIndianfemale23wife
Eden308308Mc ColumWilliamIndianmale12son
Eden308308Mc ColumMarthaIndianfemale10daughter
Eden308308Mc ColumCa ga gumIndianmale5 mosson
Eden309309GreenWilliamIndianmale55
Eden309309GreenOb no quaIndianfemale50wife
Eden309309GreenJohnIndianmale26sonworks on river
Eden309309ShowernJohnIndianmale14nephew
Eden310310BakerGeorgeIndianmale22Laborer
Eden310310BakerNancyIndianfemale18wife
Eden311311Mish ega kakIndianfemale57
Eden311311AmoIndianmale16son
Eden312312Toong quashIndianmale61Laborer
Eden312312Scrin sare beIndianfemale60wife
Eden312312Osh taIndianfemale18daughter

Footnotes:   [ + ]

1.Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.
2.Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.
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