Treaty of October 28, 1865 – Yankton Sioux

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully, in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds, governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs of Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General S. R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed, and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned chiefs and head-men of the Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians.

Article 1.The Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States, and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually and collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against the persons and property of its citizens, but to use their influence, and, if necessary, physical force, to prevent other bands of the Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes, from making hostile demonstrations against the Government or people of the United States.

Article 2.Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other, the Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government, hereby agree to discontinue for the future all attacks upon the persons or property of other tribes, unless first attacked by them, and to use their influence to promote peace everywhere in the region occupied or frequented by them.

Article 3.All controversies or differences arising between the Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, and other tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace or war, shall be submitted for the abitrament of the President, or such person or persons as may be designated by him, and the decision or award faithfully observed by the said band represented in council.

Article 4.The said band represented in council shall withdraw from the routes overland already established, or hereafter to be established, through their country; and in consideration thereof, and of their non-interference with the persons and property of citizens of the United States traveling thereon, the Government of the United States agree to pay the said band the sum of ten thousand dollars, annually, for twenty years, in such articles as the Secretary of the Interior may direct: Provided, That said band so represented in council shall faithfully conform to the requirements of this treaty.

Article 5.Should any individual or individuals, or portion of the band of the Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently upon any land claimed by said band for the purposes of agricultural or other similar pursuits, it is hereby agreed by the parties to this treaty that said individuals shall be protected in such location against any annoyance or molestation on the part of whites or Indians, and whenever twenty lodges or families of the Upper Yanktonais band shall have located on land for agricultural purposes, and signified the same to their agent or superintendent, they, as well as other families so locating, shall receive the sum of twenty-five dollars annually for five years, for each family, in agricultural implements and improvements; and when one hundred lodges or families shall have so engaged in agricultural pursuits they shall be entitled to a farmer and blacksmith at the expense of the Government, as also teachers, at the option of the Secretary of the Interior, whenever deemed necessary.

Article 6.Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate of the United States shall be considered final and binding upon the said band, represented in council, as a part of this treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of said band.

In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Upper Yanktonais band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, have hereunto set their hands this twenty-eighth day of October, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, after the contents had previously been read, interpreted, and explained to the chiefs and headmen.
Newton Edmunds
Edward B. Taylor
S. R. Curtis, Major-General
H. H. Sibley, Brigadier-General
Henry W. Reed
Orrin Guernsey

The above signatures were made in our presence

Geo. D. Hill
S. L. Spink
A. W. Hubbard
G. C. Moody
Chief: Big Head, Na-su-la-tan-ka, his x mark
Soldier: Big Hand, Na-pa-tan-ka, his x mark
Soldier: Left-handed Bear, Ma-to-chat-ka, his x mark
Soldier: The Fine Dressed Man, Wa-ich-co-ya-ka, his x mark
The Man Covered with Lice, Ha-o-poo-za, his x mark
Little Soldier, A-kich-it-a-chi-ki-la, his x mark
The Spread Horn, Ha-ka-ti-na, his x mark
Black Tiger, Ego-mo-sa-pa, his x mark
The Man Afraid of his War-club, Cham-pi-co-qui-pa, his x mark
The Big Shaved Head, Cosh-la-ton-ca, his x mark
Lazy Bear, Ma-to-chick-pa-ne, his x mark
The Man
Rock Man, Ton-ka-wi-cha-sa, his x mark
Chief: Black Catfish, O-wa-sa-pa, his x mark
Chief: The Curley-headed Goose, Ma-ga-bo-ma-do, his x mark

The above signatures in this handwriting (that of Gen’l Curtis) were made in presence of the undersigned, on the 28th and 29th Oct., 1865, at Fort Sully.
Maj. A. P. Shreve, Paymaster U. S. Army
John Pattee, Lieutenant-Colonel Seventh Iowa Cavalry

Collection: Indian Treaties Acts and Agreements. Web. © 2016.

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