Seminole War

The Osage Massacre

When the treaty council with the Osage at Fort Gibson broke up in disagreement on April 2, 1833, three hundred Osage warriors under the leadership of Clermont departed for the west to attack the Kiowa. It was Clermont’s boast that he never made war on the whites and never made peace with his Indian enemies. At the Salt Plains where the Indians obtained their salt, within what is now Woodward County, Oklahoma, they fell upon the trail of a large party of Kiowa warriors going northeast toward the Osage towns above Clermont’s. The Osage immediately adapted their course to that pursued by their enemies following it back to what they knew would be the defenseless village of women, children, and old men left behind by the warriors. The objects of their cruel vengeance were camped at the mouth of Rainy-Mountain Creek, a southern tributary of the Washita, within the present limits of the reservation at Fort Sill.

Second Seminole War – Indian Wars

The second Seminole war against the Indians and runaway Blacks in Florida commenced in 1835. A treaty had been concluded with the Seminole warriors, by which they agreed to remove beyond the Mississippi. A party of the Indians had proceeded to the territory appointed for their reception, and reported favorably upon their return. Everything promised …

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The Seminole War of 1816 and 1817 – Indian Wars

After the close of the war with Great Britain, in 1815, when the British forces were withdrawn from the Florida’s, Edward Nicholls, formerly a colonel, and James Woodbine, a captain in the British service, who had both been engaged in exciting the Indians and Blacks to hostility, remained in the territory for the purpose of …

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Muskogean Indians

Muskhogean Family, Muskhogean Stock, Muskhogean People, Muskhogean Indians. An important linguistic stock, comprising the Creeks, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and other tribes. The name is an adjectival form of Muskogee, properly Măskóki (pl. Maskokalgi or Muscogulgee). Its derivation has been attributed to an Algonquian term signifying `swamp’ or `open marshy land’, but this is almost certainly incorrect. The Muskhogean tribes were confined chiefly to the Gulf states east of almost all of Mississippi and Alabama, and parts of Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina. According to a tradition held in common by most of their tribes, they had reached their historic seats from some starting point west of the Mississippi, usually placed, when localized at all, somewhere on the upper Red River. The greater part of the tribes of the stock are now on reservations in Oklahoma.

Mikasuki Tribe

Mikasuki Indians, Mikasuki Tribe. A former Seminole town in Leon County, Florida, on the west shore of Miccosukee lake, on or near the site of the present Miccosukee. The name has been applied also to the inhabitants as a division of the Seminole. They spoke the Hitchiti dialect, and, as appears from the title of …

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Yaha Hajo, Seminole War Chief

Advancing on Yaha Hajo, General Joseph Shelton placed the pistol at his breast, and drew the trigger, but the weapon missed fire. The Indian brought his rifle to his shoulder and shot the General in the hip; at the same moment the brave savage received a fatal wound from another hand, fell on his knees, attempted to load his rifle in that position, and died, resisting to the last gasp. with the obstinacy which always marks the death of the Indian warrior.

Seminole Indian War

During the American Revolution (1776-1783), Spain gained control of Florida as part of the Treaty of Paris. On September 3, Britain also signed separate agreements with France and Spain, and (provisionally) with the Netherlands. In the treaty with Spain, the colonies of East and West Florida were ceded to Spain (without any clearly defined northern …

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Mounted Company, First Regiment, 2nd Brigade Florida Militia

Muster Roll of Captain James Edwards, Mounted Company of the 1st Regiment, 2nd Brigade of the Florida Militia, commanded by Colonel John Warren; ordered into service of the United States by Major Gen. Thomas L. Jessup from the 27th day of January to the 5th day of June 1837. All were enrolled on the 27th …

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Second Regiment, Second Brigade Mounted Men

Muster Roll of Captain Charles Freymuth’s Company of Mounted men of the 2nd Regiment, Second Brigade of the Florida Militia, commanded by General Hernandez ordered into the service of the United States by Governor Call from the 1st day of October 1836 to the 1st day of February 1837. The company was enrolled by Major …

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Fourth Regiment 2nd Brigade Florida Militia

Muster Roll of Captain Daniel S. Gardner’s Company of the 4th Regiment, 2nd Brigade of the Florida Militia, commanded by Col. Warren, ordered into service of the United States by Brig. Gen’l Hernandez from the 10th day of November 1835 to the 5th day of March 1836. On 11th August 1836 at Jacksonville, Florida, the …

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Captain Thomas C. Ellis’s Company, 1st Regiment Florida Militia

Muster Roll of Captain Thos. C. Ellis’s Company of the 1st Regiment, Brigade of Florida Mounted Militia, commanded by Col. W. J. Bayley, ordered into service of the United States by Brig. Gen’l W. K. Armistead from the 17th day of August 1840 bo the 17th day of November 1840 when discharged. Ellis, Thos C. …

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