English to Chinook Dictionary

Above, ságh-a-lie.
Absolve, mam’-ook stoh.
Acorns, káh-na-way.
Across, in’-a-ti.
Afraid, kwass.
After, Afterwards, kim’-ta.
Again, weght.
All, kon’-a-way.
Alms, e’-la-han, or e-lann’.
Also, weght.
Although, kégh-tchie.
Always, kwáh-ne-sum.
American, Boston.
Amusement, hee’-hee.
And, pee.
Anger, Angry, sol’-leks.
Apple, le pome.
Apron, kéh-su, or ki’-su.
Arbutus uva ursi, lahb.
Arrive at, ko.
Arrow, ka-li’-tan.
As if, káh-kwa spose.
At, ko’-pa.
Aunt, kwal’h.
Awl, shoes keep’-wot.
Axe, la-hash’.

Bad, me-sáh-chie; pe-shuk’.
Bag, le sak.
Ball, le bal.
Bargain, máh-kook; húy-húy.
Bark, s’ick-skin.
Barrel, ta-mo’-litsh.
Basket, o’-pe-kwan.
Beads, ka-mo’-suk.
Bear (black), chet’-woot; its’woot; (grizzly), si-am’.
Beat, to, kok’-shut.
Beaver, ee’-na.
Because, kéh-wa.
Become, to, cháh-ko.
Bed, bed.
Before, e’-lip, or el’-ip.
Behind, kim’-ta.
Bell, tin’-tin.
Belly, ya-kwáh-tin.
Below, kee’-kwil-lie.
Belt, la san-jel’.
Berries, o’-lil-lie; o’-lal-lie.
Best, e’-lip closhe.
Bird, kal-lak’-a-la.
Biscuit, le bis’-kwee.
Bitter, klihl.
Black, klale.
Blackberries, klik’-a-muks.
Blanket, pa-see’-sie.
Blind, ha’-lo se-áh-host.
Blood, pil-pil.
Blow out, mam’-ook poh.
Blue (light), spo’-oh.
Blue (dark), klale.
Blunder, to, tsee’-pie.
Board, la plash.
Boat, boat.
Bob-tailed; a bob-tailed horse, sis’-ki-you.
Boil, to, lip’-lip.
Bone, stone.
Borrow, to, a-yáh-whul.
Bosom (female), to-toosh.
Both, kun’-a-moxt.
Bottle, la-boo-ti’.
Bow, o’-pitl-kegh.
Bowl, oos’-kan.
Box, la ca-sett’.
Bracelet, klik’-wal-lie.
Brave, skoo’-kum tum’-tum.
Bread, le pan.
Break, to, kok’-shut.
Breasts, to-toosh’.
Breech clout, o’-poots sill.
Bridle, la bleed.
Bright, to-wágh.
Broad, kluk-ulh’.
Broom, bloom.
Brother, káhp-ho, if elder than the speaker; ow, if younger. Male cousins the same.
Brother-in-law, ek’-keh.
Bucket, ta-mo’-litsh.
Buffalo, moos’-moos.
Bullet, le bal; ka-li’-tan.
Bundle, kow.
But, pe.
Butter, to-toosh’ la-kles’.
Buttons, tsil’-tsil.
Buy, to, máh-kook.
By-and-by, win’-a-pie.

Candle, la shan-del’.
Carrot, la ca-lat’.
Carry, to, lo’ lo.
Cart, tsik’-tsik; chik’-chik.
Cascade, tum’ wa-ter.
Castrate, to, mahsh stone.
Cat, puss’-puss.
Cataract, tum’ wa-ter.
Cattle, moos’-moos.
Certainly, na-wit’-ka.
Chain, la shen; chik’a-min lope.
Chair, la shase.
Cheat, to, la-láh.
Chicken, la pool.
Chief, ty-ee’.
Child, ten’-as.
Clams, o’-na; luk’-ut-chee; la-kwit’-chee.
Clams, the large kind, smet-ocks.
Clear up, to, cháh-ko klah.
Cloth (cotton), sail.
Clouds, smoke.
Coat, ca-po’.
Coffee, kau’-py.
Cold, cole; tshis.
Comb, comb.
Comb, to, mam’-ook comb.
Come, to, cháh-ko.
Confess, to, yi’-em.
Conjuring, ta-máh-no-us.
Cook, to, mam’-ook pi’-ah.
Copper, pil chik’-a-min.
Cord, ten’-as lope.
Corn, e-salt’h’, or ye-salt’h’.
Corral, kul-lágh.
Cotton goods, sail.
Cough, hoh’-hoh.
Count, to, mam’-ook kwun’-nun.
Cousin, see brother and sister.
Coyote, tal’-a-pus.
Crab apple, pow’-itsh.
Cranberry, so’-le-mie.
Crazy, pel’-ton.
Cream colored, le clem.
Crooked, ki’-wa.
Cross, la clo-a’.
Crow, káh-kah.
Cry, to, cly.
Cup, oos’-kan.
Curly, hunl’-kih.
Cut, to, tl’ko’-pe.

Dance, to, tanse.
Dark, darkness, po’-lak-lie.
Day, sun.
Dead, mem’-a-loost,
Deaf, ik-poo’-ie kwil-lan.
Dear, hy’-as máh-kook.
Deep, klip.
Deer, mow’-itsh.
Demon, skoo’-kum.
Devil, di-aub’; yaub; le-jaub’.
Different, hul-o’-i-ma.
Difficult, kull.
Dig, to, mam’-ook il’-la-hie.
Dime, bit, or mit.
Do, to, mam’-ook.
Doctor, doc’-tin.
Dog, kam’-ooks.
Dollar, dol’-la, or táh-la.
Door, la po’te.
Down stream, mi’-mie.
Drink, to, muck’-a-muck.
Drive, to, kish’-kish.
Drunk, páht-lum.
Dry, de-ly’.
Duck (Mallard), kwéh-kweh; háht-haht.
Dust, po’-lal-lie.


Collection:
Gibbs, George. Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon or Trade Language of Oregon. New York: Cramoisy Press. 1853.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Discover more from Access Genealogy

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading

Scroll to Top