James Francis, son of James and Rose (Burns) Cavanaugh. was born in the town of Phelps, Ontario county, New York, December 27, 1868, and is now (1910) living in that place. He received his education in the union school of Phelps township and then began life as a farmer. In 1887 he went to Phelps junction and learned telegraphy, obtaining a position with the New York Central Railroad, February 22, 1888. In October, 1891, he returned to Phelps. being appointed telegraph operator for the railroad station there. This position he held until October 7, 1908, when he entered into partnership with C. W. Kipson, in the undertaking, delivery and insurance business for the village. He has been village collector for four terms: he is a member of the C. M. B. A. and for several years its financial secretary. He is a communicant of St. Francis church, a member of the grange and of the Knights of Columbus. He is a Democrat in politics but inclined to be Independent.