C- Georgia Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Cayomulgi. An ancient Upper Creek town on a stream which joins Coosa r. at Coussa (Kusa) town, Ala. Possibly for Okmulgee, an ancient Creek town in E. Georgia.

Chalahume. A Creek town of the 16th century, 3 days journey westward from Chiaha, about the present Columbus, Ga., and 2 leagues from Satapo, probably within the present limits of Alabama (Vandera, 1567, in Smith, Col. Doc. Fla., i, 18, 1857). The termination hume may be the Choctaw huma, red. (A. S. G.)

Chattahoochee (Creek: chátu rock, hut-chas mark, design: pictured rocks ). A former Lower Creek town on the upper waters of Chattahoochee r., to which it gave its name; seemingly in the present Harris co., Ga. So called from some pictured rocks found at that point. The town was above Huthlitaiga, or Warford, and it had probably been abandoned prior to Hawkins time (1798-99), as he alludes to it as the “old town Chattohoche,” not as an occupied village. (A. S. G.)

Chiaha (Chehaw). A common Creek town name. The earliest on record, Chiaha, visited by the De Soto expedition in 1540, has been identified as on the lower Chattahoochee, in the immediate vicinity of the later important town known commonly as Chehaw, about the year 1800, near the present Columbus, Ga. A third town of the name was lower down, on Flint r., and was considered a Seminole settlement. Still another of the name, belonging to the Upper Creeks, may have been on Upper Coosa r. in N. Georgia. (J. M.)

Chicherohe. A former Cherokee settlement on War Woman cr., in N. w. Rabun co., Ga. ; destroyed in the Revolutionary war. (J. M. )

Chickasawhay. A former Choctaw town which stood, according to tradition, on the E. side of Chickasawhay r. about 3 m. below the present town of Enterprise, Clarke cp., Ga. It also gave its name to a subdivision between Chickasawhay and Buckatunna rs. Halbert in Rep. Ala. Hist. Soc., Misc. Coll., i, 379, 1901.

Chihlakonini (chi‘láko-nini, horse-trail) . A former Lower Creek town on the upper waters of Chattahoochee r., seemingly in the present Harris Co., Ga. It was burned by the whites in Sept., 1793, at which date it consisted of 10 houses, but by 1799 the people had formed a new town on the left bank of Tallapoosa r., opposite Oakfuskee, Ala. The upper trail or war path crossed the latter stream by a horse ford at this place, about 60 m. above Kasihta town. It was probably identical with Okfuskinini. (A. S. G.)

Chisi. A town in 1540 on a small river, between Toalli and Altamaca, in E. Georgia. The name seems to be intended for chisi, but not the town of that name on Chattahoochee r. It was entered by De Soto’s army in Mar., 1540.

Choconikla. A Seminole town, of about 60 warriors in 1820, on the w. side of Apalachicola r., contiguous to Ataphulga, on Little r., Decatur co., Ga. (A. S. G.)

Cofa. A “province” or tribe, probably of Muskhogean stock, visited by the De Soto expedition in 1540; situated in N. Georgia and bordering on the Cherokee. Garcilasso de la Vega, Florida, 112, 1723.

Cofaqui. A (Muskhogean?) settlement in E. Georgia, through which De Soto passed in Apr. , 1540.

Cofitachiqui. A town and province of the Yuchi(?), situated on Savannah r.; visited by De Soto in 1540. According to Pickett (Inv. of Ala.., 41, 1849) there was a tradition among the Indians about 1735 that the town stood on the E. bank at Silver Bluff, Barnwell co., S. C., and this view is taken by Jones (De Soto in Ga., 1880). On the other hand, the name of Vandera’s Canos (Smith, Col. Doc. Fla., i, 16, 1857), identified with this place, is preserved in Cannouchee, a N. w. affluent of Ogechee r., Ga., while another place called Cannouchee is in Emanuel co., Ga. The province was governed at the time of De Soto’s visit by a woman who was at war with the people of Ocute and Cofaqui. She gave the Spaniards a friendly reception and entertained them for several days. This friendship was ill requited by the Spanish leader, who carried her away with him a prisoner, but she managed to escape in the mountainous region of N. E. Georgia, returning to her village with a Negro slave who had deserted the army. Her dominion extended along the river to about the present Habersham co., Ga., and westward probably across a third or more of the state. (C. T.)

Cotohautustennuggee. A former Lower Creek town on the right bank of Upatoie cr., in Muscogee co., Ga. Royce in 18th Rep. B. A. E., pi. cxxii, 1900.

Crayfish Town (probably translated from Cherokee Tsistûnâ′yĭ, crawfish place). A former Cherokee settlement in upper Georgia about 1800. (J. M.)


Villages of the Untied States | Georgia Indian Villages

This site includes some historical materials that may imply negative stereotypes reflecting the culture or language of a particular period or place. These items are presented as part of the historical record and should not be interpreted to mean that the WebMasters in any way endorse the stereotypes implied .

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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