Unknown Tribes of Indian Bands, Gens and Clans

Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry.  Often very little information is known or they no longer exist.  We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes.

We have listed these bands by location as we can not find any other connection to tribes.


  • Amicoa. Mentioned by Coxe (Carolana, 14, 1741) as a tribe on the Honabanou, an imaginary river entering the Mississippi from the west, 15 leagues above the mouth of the Ohio. It is probably an imaginary tribe.
  • Amilcou. Mentioned by Iberville in connection with the Biloxi, Moctobi, Huma, Paskagula, etc., as a small tribe North of the lower Mississippi in 1699 (Margry, Dec., iv, 155, 1880); not identified.


  • Agaihtikara (fish-eaters). A division of the Paviotso living in 1866 in the vicinity of Walker River and lake and Carson River and lake, Nevada. They were under Chief Oderie and numbered about 1,500.

North Carolina

  • Akawenchaka  A small band that formerly lived in North Carolina, now numbering about 20 individuals, incorporated with the Tuscarora in New York. They are not regarded as true Tuscarora. Hewitt, Onondaga MS., B. A. E., 1888.


  • Acubadaos. A tribe known to Cabeza de Vaca (Smith transl., 84, 1851) during his sojourn in Texas, 1527-34, as living “in the rear” of or more inland than the Atayos (Adai). The region indicated would seem to be Caddoan country.
  • Andacaminos (Span.: wanderers, probably referring to their roving character). One of the tribes of west Texas, some at least of whose people were neophytes of the mission of San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo. Texas State Archives, Nov., 1790.
  • Anegado (Span, overflowed, referring to the country). A tribe of which Cabeza de Vaca heard while in Texas in 1529-34. They lived not far from the Yguases.
  • Annas. An unidentified tribe mentioned by Rivera (Diario y Derrotero, leg. 2,602, 1736) as living in south Tex.
  • Arbadaos. A tribe that Cabeza de Vaca (Smith trans., 76, 1851) met during his sojourn in Texas (1527-34) in the vicinity of the Avavares. He describes the people as “lank and weak,” owing to scarcity of food; and although they seem to have lived in a fertile country they did not cultivate the soil. Their ethnic relations are not known.

Unknown Location

  • Grinaiches. Mentioned by Baudry de Lozieres (Voy. Louisiane, 242, 1802) in a list of tribes with no indication of habitat. Probably a misprint of some well-known tribal name.

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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