Understanding the 1910 Census Questions

Under the provisions of the census act of July 2, 1909, the thirteenth census was administered. In accordance with the provisions of the act, general population and Indian population schedules were prepared. The schedules used for Hawaii and Puerto Rico, although similar to the general population schedule, differed slightly from those used within the United States.

Census enumerators began canvassing the Nation on April 15, 1910. The law gave census takers 2 weeks to complete their work in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more, while enumerators in smaller and rural areas were allotted 30 days to complete their task.

1910 Census Guide – Questions & Information

The 1910 census covered the following states:

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska (unorganized)
  3. Arizona Territory
  4. Arkansas
  5. California
  6. Colorado
  7. Connecticut
  8. Delaware
  9. District of Columbia
  10. Florida
  11. Georgia
  12. Hawaii
  13. Idaho
  14. Illinois
  15. Indiana
  16. Iowa
  17. Kansas
  18. Kentucky
  19. Louisiana
  20. Maine
  21. Maryland
  22. Massachusetts
  23. Michigan
  24. Minnesota
  25. Mississippi
  26. Missouri
  27. Montana
  28. Nebraska
  29. Nevada
  30. New Hampshire
  31. New Jersey
  32. New Mexico Territory
  33. New York
  34. North Carolina
  35. North Dakota
  36. Ohio
  37. Oklahoma
  38. Oregon
  39. Pennsylvania
  40. Rhode Island
  41. South Carolina
  42. South Dakota
  43. Tennessee
  44. Texas
  45. Utah
  46. Vermont
  47. Virginia
  48. Washington
  49. West Virginia
  50. Wisconsin
  51. Wyoming

Information Found Within the 1910 Census

  • Name of each person.
  • Name of the county, parish, township, town, or city where the family resides.
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color (Race)
  • Birthplace
  • Whether married in the last year
  • Profession, occupation, or trade of each person over 15 years of age
  • Value of Real Estate
  • Whether deaf, blind, dumb, insane, idiotic, pauper, or criminal
  • Whether able to speak or speak English
  • Whether the person attended school within the previous year
  • Birthplace of father and mother

Genealogy Strategy for the 1910 Census

  1. Location of the Household
    As in all censuses, the location of the household at the time the census was taken becomes a valuable tool for further research allowing you to concentrate on records of that time period in that particular location. The 1910 census will provide you the district, township, and county of your ancestor. It is also the first census to provide the name of the street and house number in urban areas.
  2. Establishing the Composition of a Family
    The 1910 census identified the relationship to the head of household of other household residents.
  3. Age of Inhabitants
    The 1910 census indicates the year in which each person was born.
  4. Tracking the Migration
    The 1910 census provides the birthplace of each individual along with the birthplaces of each parent for that person, making it much easier to track the origin of a family. Genealogists should always be cautious of any information provided a census taker and realize that many ancestors for their own reasons would not provide accurate answers to this type of a question due to the prejudices of the time.
  5. Occupation
    The occupation of each family member over 15 is recorded. A mention of a profession would indicate possible search of a professional directory. Clergy were enumerated as well under occupation, and the genealogist should search within the records of the denomination indicated.
  6. Foreigners
    The 1910 census indicate the person’s parents’ birthplaces.
  7. Real Estate
    An indication of real estate value might point to land or tax records.
  8. At School
    An indication of being at school within a household might point to local school records.
  9. Insane
    An indication of insane within a household might point to guardianship or institutional records.
  10. Convict
    The indication of a person’s enumeration as a convict is rare, unless the census actually finds them in the jail at the time of the census. Furthermore, a person in jail, may be listed twice, if his home was in a different district. Instructions given to the enumerator was to ask or use their own knowledge and county records as a source, in identifying those who had been a “criminal” within the past year.
  11. Native American Research
    Indian schedules were normally placed at the end of a county schedule, but in some cases, were attached to the end of the state schedule.
  12. Parents Birthplace Location
    The parent’s birthplace location is provided.

1910 Census Forms

1910 Census,

Partridge, Dennis N. United States Census Guide. Copyright 2008-2013.

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