(Saint Michael) The sixteenth Franciscan mission established in California. The site chosen was at a place called by the natives Vahia, in the upper Salinas valley, between San Antonio and San Luis Obispo, in the north part of the present San Luis Obispo County. Taylor (Cal. Farmer, Apr. 27, 1860) says the name of the rancheria at the site of the mission was Chulam, or Chalomi. At this place Fr. Lasuen, on July 25, 1797, “in the presence of a great multitude of gentiles of both sexes and of all ages,” formally founded the mission. The natives were very friendly,
History shows us that there are two distinct tribes which were attributed the name of Kawia by etymologists. The larger tribe is one of the Shoshonean stock, while the smaller, extinct tribe is a Yokuts tribe. Both of them resided in California, further confusing historians. Kawia Indians – Shoshonean The name, of uncertain derivation, of a Shoshonean division in southern California, affiliated linguistically with the Aguas Calientes, Juaneños, and Luiseños. They inhabit the north tongue of the Colorado desert from Banning south east at least as far as Salton, as also the headwaters of Santa Margarita river, where the Kawia
Chaushila Indians. A Yokuts (Mariposan) tribe in central California, north of Fresno River, probably on lower Chowchilla River, in the plains and lowest foothills, their neighbors on the north being of Moquelumnan stock. As a tribe they are now extinct. They are confused with, but are distinct from, the Chowchilla, under which name the synonymy of both is given.
Yokuts – The name for “person,” or “people,” in many of the dialects of the group. Also called: Mariposan, a name derived from Mariposa County, and applied to the stock to which these people were originally assigned by Powell. Noche, a name used by Games in 177576 (1900). Yokuts Connections. The Yokuts were originally considered a distinct linguistic family but have now been made a part of the large Penutian stock. Yokuts Location. – On the entire floor of San Joaquin Valley from the mouth of San Joaquin River to the foot of Tehachapi, and the adjacent lower slopes or