Powhatan Genealogy and History

Powhatan Indians (Southern Renape pawd’tan, ‘falls in a current’ of water.-Gerard). A confederacy of Virginian Algonquian tribes. Their territory included the tidewater section of Virginia from the Potomac south to the divide between James River and Albemarle sound, and extended into the interior as far as the falls of the principal rivers about Fredericksburg and Richmond. They also occupied the Virginia counties east of Chesapeake Bay and possibly included some tribes in lower Maryland. In the Piedmont region west of them were the hostile Monacan and Manahoac, while on the south were the Chowanoc, Nottoway, and Meherrin of Iroquoian stock. Read more about the Powhatan History

Archives, Libraries  and Museums

Powhatan Indian Biographies

Bureau of Indian Affairs 

Powhatan Indian Cemeteries

Powhatan Indian Census

Powhaten Genealogy

Powhatan Indian History

Powhatan Indian Land, Land Allotments and Maps

  • Powhaten Allotments
    The reservation in Indian Territory was partitioned into parcels for allocation to individual tribal members in 1872 and 1887. The Citizen Potawatomi Nation communicated with the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) to determine the precise locations of these allotments. An interactive map is available for users to explore the reserve based on allotment, allottee’s name, cemetery, or town.
  • Powhatan’s Territory 1607

Powhatan Indian Language

  • Powhatan Language
  • Sign Language Among North American Indians
    Sign language among North American Indians was surprisingly uniform across the tribes, and appears to be the “language” of choice when Indians traversed from tribe to tribe in order to trade. This manuscript provides detailed signs for common dictionary words, complete narration and dialogue, as well as the history of sign language and how its origin in the Indian nations. Of particular interest are the sections on Native American gestures, and their use of smoke signals, fire signals, and dust signals.

Powhatan Indian Legends

Powhatan Indian Military

Other Tribes

The list of tribes and organizations below are not federally recognized. Many of them are state recognized organizations only or working towards federal recognition. We do not have the resources to check the validity of each and every organization and expect that you should before attempting to join or send a monetary contribution. We will provide a listing for any Native American organization or tribe.  If you would like your organization listed please submit the information here.



  • Indian Treaties, Acts and Agreements
  • Indian Affairs, Laws and Treaties, Vol. 2
    As the United States expanded westward from the original thirteen colonies, settlers often confronted the existing owners of the land. As a result the federal government often negotiated treaties with these Native Americans. This collection of official treaties was compiled by the United States and originally printed in 1904.

Suggested Reading

Pocahontas’s People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries, By Helen C. Roundtree
This history traces events that shaped the lives of the Powhatan Indians of Virginia, from their first encounter with English colonists, in 1607, to their present-day way of life and relationship to the state of Virginia and the federal government. Roundtree’s examination of those four hundred years misses not a beat in the pulse of Powhatan life. Combining meticulous scholarship and sensitivity, the author explores the diversity always found among Powhatan people, and those people’s relationships with the English, the government of the fledgling United States, the Union and the Confederacy, the U.S. Census Bureau, white supremacists, the U.S. Selective Service, and the civil rights movement.


AccessGenealogy. Tribal Genealogy Research: Directory of online resources for specific tribes. Web. 2009-2013.

Search Military Records - Fold3

1 thought on “Powhatan Genealogy and History”

  1. Melissa (missi) Jones

    hello we have a family research showing our descending from JOHN ROLFE/ Pocahontas ancestory line how do i register my family for preservation

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