E- Canadian Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Ecorce. A band of Nipissing living at Oka, Canada, in 1736. Their totem was the birch. Chauvignerie calls them L’Ecoree, evidently intended for L’Ecorce.

Ecureuil (French: squirrel). Spoken of as a tribe formerly living between Tadoussac and Hudson bay, Quebec province, Canada; destroyed by the Iroquois in 1661. Probably a Montagnais band living about the headwaters of Three rs., possibly about the lake named Ouapichiouanon in the Jesuit Relations.

Edjao (³I′djao). A Haida town situated around a hill of the same name, at the E. end of Masset village, Queen Charlotte ids. , Brit. Col. It was occupied by the Aoyaku-lnagai, a branch, of the Yaku-lanas, and, according to the old men, consisted in later times of about 6 houses, which would have contained nearly a hundred persons. Later it came to be included within the limits of Masset. Swanton, Cont, Haida, 99, 1905.

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Eeksen (Ē′exsẹn). A Salish tribe about Oyster bay, E. coast of Vancouver id., speaking the Comox dialect. Boas, MS., B. A. E., 1887.

Eesteytoch. Given as a tribe on Cascade inlet, Brit. Col. ; probably a village group of the Bellacoola.

Egan. An Algonquian settlement in Maniwaki township, Ottawa co., Quebec, containing 225 Indians in 1884.

Ehatisaht. A Nootka tribe on Esperanza inlet, w. coast of Vancouver id., Brit. Col. ; pop. 101 in 1902, 95 in 1904. Their principal village is Oke. From their waters came the larger part of the supply of dentalium shells extensively used on the Pacific coast as media of exchange.

Ekiondatsaan. A Huron village in Ontario about 1640.

Ekoolthaht (‘bushes-on-hill people’). A Nootka tribe formerly inhabiting the shores of Barclay sd., w. coast of Vancouver id. ; pop. 48 in 1879. They have now joined the Seshart.

Ekuhkahshatin. A Shuswap village on a small branch of Deadman cr., a N. affluent of Thompson r., Brit. Col. Pop., with Skichistan (q. v.), 118 in 1904.

Ekuks. A Squawmish village community on the right bank of Squawmisht r., w. Brit, Col.

Elhlateese. The principal village of the Uchucklesit (q. v.) at the head of Uchucklesit harbor, Alberni canal, Vancouver id.; pop. 45 in 1902. Can. Ind. Aff., 263, 1902.

Elothet. Given by Kelley (Oregon, 68, 1830) as a Nootka town on Vancouver id. under chief Wickaninish; possibly in tended for Ucluelet.

Enias. A local name for a body of Upper Lillooet on Seton lake, in 1902 reduced to a single individual. Can. Ind. Aff., pt, n, 72, 1902.

Epinette. A Chippewa band which formerly lived on the N. shore of L. Superior, E. of Michipicoton r., Ontario. Dobbs, Hudson Bay, 32, 1744.

Esbataottine (? ‘bighorn people’). A Nahane tribe living in the mountains between Liard and Peace rs., Brit. Col. They are said to be of a very low grade of culture and to practise cannibalism, probably under stress of hunger.

Escoumains (probably from ashkĭmin, or askĭmĭn, ‘early berry’. W. J). A Montagnais band living on a reserve of 97 acres on the s. w. side of . Escoumains r., on the N. shore of the St Lawrence, in Saguenay co., Quebec. They numbered 53 in 1884, 43 in 1904.

Eskegawaage. One of the 7 districts of the territory of the Micah as recognized by themselves. It includes E. Nova Scotia from Canso to Halifax. Rand, First Micmac Reading Book, 81, 1875.

Eskusone. A Micmac village formerly in Cape Breton. Rand, First Micmac Heading Book, 87, 1875.

Esquimalt. The local name for a body of Songish at the s. E. end of Vancouver id., under the Cowichan agency; pop. 15 in 1901, 20 in 1904. Can. Ind. Aff., pt. 2, 66, 1902; pt. 2, 69, 1904.

Etechesottine (horn mountain people). A division of the Etchareottine occupying the country between Great Slave and La Martre lakes, Mackenzie Ter., Can. Franklin erroneously considered them Thlingchadinneh.

Etleuk. A Squawmish village community on the right bank of Squawmisht r., w. British Columbia.

Etsekin. A winter village of the Kwakiutl proper on Havannah channel, w. coast of British Columbia.

Ettchaottine (‘people who act contrarily). A Nahane tribe of which one division lives on Francis lake, British Columbia, another in the neighborhood of old Ft Halkett (Hardisty in Smithson. Rep. 1866, 311, 1872). Their name came from their warlike habits. Ross (MS., B. A. E.) gave their pop. in 1858 as 435.

Ewawoos. A Cowichan tribe whose town was Skeltem, 2 in. above Hope, Fraser r., Brit. Col.; pop. 27 in 1904.

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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