Cree Indian Bands, Gens and Clans

Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry.  Often very little information is known or they no longer exist.  We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes.

  • Alimibegouek (probably cognate with the Chippewa Ŭnĭmĭbigog, they that live by the river . Win. Jones). Mentioned as one of the four divisions of the Cree, living on L. Alimibeg (Nipigon?), which discharges into L. Superior, Ontario. Creuxius places them immediately N. of the lake, near the s. end of Hudson bay. What part of the Cree of modern times these include is not determinable.
  • Ayabaskawininiwug. A division of the Cree (q. v.), commonly known as Wood Cree.
  • Bouscoutton. The northernmost division of the Cree, living in 1658-71 about the s. shores of Hudson bay. According to Dr William Jones the Chippewa refer to the northernmost dwelling place of the Cree as Ininiwitōskwŭning, at the man s elbow, and Äntāwāt-otōskwŭning, ‘they dwell at the elbow’. This Äntāwāt is probably the term usually prefixed, in one form or another, to the name Bouscoutton.
  • Cokah ( eyes open ). A Cree band of 100 skin lodges on Lac Qu′apelle, Assiniboia, Canada, in 1856; named from their chief. Hayden, Ethnog. and Philol. Mo. Val., 237, 1862.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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