Clatskanie Indians

Clatskanie Indians. Significance unknown. Also spelled A`látskné-i, Clackstar, Klatskanai, Tlatskanai, etc.

Clatskanie Connection. The Clatskanie belonged to the Athapascan linguistic stock.

Clatskanie Location. According to Gibbs (1877) the Clatskanie at one time owned the prairies bordering Chehalis River, Washington, at the mouth of Skookumchuck River, but on the failure of game, crossed the Columbia and occupied the mountains about Clatskanie River, their best-known historic seat. For a long time they exacted toll of all who passed going up or down the Columbia.

Clatskanie Population. Mooney (1928) estimates 1,600 Clatskanie in 1780. In 1851 they were reduced to three men and five women. The census of 1910 returned three. (See Chastacosta Indians)

Connection in which the Clatskanie Indians have become noted. Like the Kwahlioqua, the Clatskanie are noted for their isolation from other branches of the Athapascan stock. Their name is preserved by Clatskanie Creek and Clatskanie town in Columbia County, Oreg.


Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953.

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