I- Alabama Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Ikanachaka (ikana ‘ground’, atchaka ‘reserved, set apart, beloved, sacred). A former Upper Creek town, located by Meek (Romantic Passages in S. W. Hist, 278, 1857) on the s. side of Alabama r., between Pintlala and Big Swamp cr., in Lowndes co., Ala. It was built on “holy ground” and hence was thought to be exempt from hostile in roads. Weatherford and the “prophet” Hillis Hadjo resided there, and the Creek forces were defeated there Dec. 23, 1813, at which date it contained 200 houses and included some Shawnee. (H. W. H.)

Ikanhatki (white ground). A former Upper Creek town on the right bank of lower Tallapoosa r., Montgomery co., Ala., immediately below Kulumi town. Swan, who passed there in 1791, says it had been settled by Shawnee, who had 4 villages in the vicinity, and they are called by him Shawnee refugees, but Bartram (1775) states that they spoke Muscogee. Under the name Ekundutske the village was said to contain 47 families in 1832. (A. S. G.)

Imukfa ( Hitchiti: shell, also referring to a metallic ornament of concave shape; applied possibly in allusion to the bend in the river). A subordinate settlement of the Upper Creek town Oakfuski, on a creek of the same name, a short distance w. of Tallapoosa r., Ala. A battle was fought there Jan. 24, 1814, in the Creek war, and the celebrated battle of the Horseshoe Bend, on Mar. 25 of the same year, took place in the immediate vicinity. (A. S. G.)

Ipisogi. A subordinate settlement of the Upper Creek town Oakfuski, on a creek of the same name which enters the Tallapoosa from the E., opposite Oakfuski, Ala. According to Hawkins it had 40 settlers in 1799.

Istapoga (isti ‘people’, apókita to ‘reside’). An Upper Creek settlement, not recorded in the earlier documents; but probably in the neighborhood of the present Eastaboga, Talladega co., Ala. Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., i, 133, 1884.

Istudshilaika (I′atudshi-läi′ka, where a young thing was found. Hawkins). One of the 4 Hillabi villages formerly on the left side of Hillabi cr., 4 m. below Hillabi, Ala.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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