Native American Land

Washington, Applications for Enrollment and Adoption of Washington Indians, 1911-1919

The collection consists of images of records created by Charles E. Roblin “Roblin Rolls of Non-Reservation Indians in Western Washington” during enrollment and adoption proceedings of Indian tribes for in Western Washington that were not on tribal census records. The records are from NARA microfilm publication M1343 and is part of Record Group 75 Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. It is arranged by tribal name claimed by the applicant then by name.

The Nature of the Indian Titles to Their Lands

The relation which the Indians sustain to the government of the United States is peculiar in its nature. Their independence, their rights, their title to the soil which they occupy, are all imperfect in their kind. Each tribe possesses many of the attributes of independence and sovereignty. They have their own forms of government, appoint …

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An Act to Provide for the Allotment of Lands, Approved, February, 8, 1887

Section I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in all cases where any tribe or band of Indians has been, or shall hereafter be, located upon any reservation created for their use, either by treaty stipulation or by virtue of an …

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Native American Land Cessions in Illinois

From this it will be seen that almost the entire country comprising the present State of Illinois was the subject of controversy in the matter of original ownership, and that the United States, in order fully to extinguish the Indian claim thereto, actually bought it twice, and some portions of it three times. It is proper, however, to add in this connection that where the government at the date of a purchase from one tribe was aware of an existing claim to the same region by another tribe, it had the effect of diminishing the price paid.

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