H Texas Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Hacanac. Mentioned by the Gentleman of Elvas in 1557 (Hakluyt Soc. Publ., ix, 132, 1851) as a province of which Moscoso was informed in 1542; apparently on the N. E. Texan border. Unidentified.

Han. An unidentified tribe living on a part of the island of Malhado (Galveston id.), Texas, on which Cabeza de Vaca suffered shipwreck in 1528. The language of the Han differed from that of their neighbors, the Capoque (probably Coaque), but they had customs in common. They possibly formed the westernmost band of the Attacapa. See Cabeza de Vaca, Narr, Smith trans., 82, 1871; Gatschet, Karankawa Inds., 34, 1891.

Hapes. A small tribe found by Spanish explorers on the lower Rio Grande in the vicinity of Eagle Pass, Tex., although Uhde (1861) places it near Lampazos, in Nueva Leon, Mexico, some distance farther w. They numbered 490 in 85 huts in 1688, but an epidemic of smallpox raged among them soon afterward, and in 1689 the survivors were attacked by coast Indians and exterminated, with the exception of some boys who were carried off. (J. R. S.)

Heniocane. A former tribe in s. Texas, encountered by Fernando del Bosque in 1675 and said to number 178, including 65 warriors. They were probably related to the Coahuiltecan tribes.

Hiabu. A tribe met by De Leon, in company with the Hapes, Jumenes (Jumano), and Mescales, near the Rio Grande, not far from the present Laredo, Tex., in 1696. It was probably a Coahuiltecan tribe.

Hianagouy. Mentioned by Joutel (Margry, Dec., iii, 409, 1878) as a tribe living probably in E. Texas in 1687, and hostile to the Kadohadacho.

Hiantatsi. Mentioned by Joutel (Margry, Dec., iii, 409, 1878) as a tribe living probably in E. Texas in 1687, and hostile to the Kadohadacho.

Higos (Indios de los Higos, Span.: ‘Fig Indians’). A tribe of s. Texas, so named by Cabeza de Vaca in 1528 (Smith trans., 84, 1851) from their custom of subsisting on the prickly pear, or tuna, in its season. Cabeza de Vaca states that they counted the seasons by the ripening of the fruits, the “dying” or (according to Smith) the biting of the fish, and by the appearance of certain constellations. Nothing is known of their ethnic relations. (A. C. F.)

Huanes A former tribe of s. Texas, mentioned with the Pampoas, Mesquites, Pastias, Camamas, Cacanas, and Canas, as a tribe for which mission San Jose at San Antonio had been founded.

Hume. A former tribe of s. Texas, probably Coahuiltecan, the chief of which was encountered in 1675 by Fernando del Bosque 7 leagues beyond the Rio Grande.

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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