Abbreviations: Sec., section; ac., acres; Wf., wife; ch., children; ( ), years in county; O., owner; H., renter. Anderson, L. A. Wf. Mathilda; ch.Emmert and Lucile. P. O. Audubon, R. 3. O. 160 ac., sec. 36. (18.) Breeder of Poland China Hogs. Andresen, Christ. Wf. Hansena; ch. Mary, Nina, Emil, Estra, Hu1ga and Hannah. P. O. Audubon,R. 3. R. 240 ac., sec. 26. (22.) Owner, H. M. McClanahan. Andrews, James. Wf. Allie; ch. Lois and Harvey. P. O. Audubon, R. 3. O. 160 ac., sec. 28. (37.) Breeder of Poland China Hogs and Holstein Cattle. Arts, John N. Wf.
(See Duncan, Ghigau, and Conrad) —Johnson Landrum, born 1860. Married April 2, 1889, Catherine Isabel, daughter of Stephen Gray and Sarah Abigal (Hopkins) Garbarini, born June 23 1868. They were the parents of: Nellie Jesephine, born May 6, 1890; Clifton Lawrence, born May 12, 1893; Stephen Edward, born July 18, 1895; Mary Isabel, born January 21, 1898; Ada M., Jaunita T., and Helena B. Landrum died November 19, 1906. James Landrum, a white man, married Rebecca Duncan, a half-blood Scotch-Cherokee. Their son, John, married Nellie Otterlifter and they were the parents of Johnson Landrum.
Whatever may be their origins in antiquity, the Cherokees are generally thought to be a Southeastern tribe, with roots in Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee, among other states, though many Cherokees are identified today with Oklahoma, to which they had been forcibly removed by treaty in the 1830s, or with the lands of the Eastern Band of Cherokees in western North Carolina. The largest of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes, which also included Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, the Cherokees were the first tribe to have a written language, and by 1820 they had even adopted a form of government