Chowanoc Tribe

Chowanoc Indians (Algonquian: shawŭni ‘south’; shawŭnogi‘they of the south,’ ‘southerners.’ W. J. ). A tribe formerly living on Chowan river, north east North Carolina, about the junction of Meherrin and Nottoway rivers. In 1584-85, when first known, they were the leading tribe in that region. Two of their villages at that time were Ohanoak and Maraton, and they probably occupied also Catoking and Metocaum. Ohanoak alone was said to have 700 warriors. They gradually dwindled away before the whites, and in 1701 were reduced to a single village on Bennetts Creek. They joined in the Tuscarora War against the whites in 1711-12, and at its close the remnant, estimated at about 240, were assigned a small reservation on Bennetts and Catherine creeks. In 1820 they were supposed to be extinct. In addition to the settlements named, the Chowanoc also occupied Ramushonok.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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6 thoughts on “Chowanoc Tribe”

  1. I am the 9th great grand daughter of Tabitha Hoyter daughter of Chief Thomas III Hoyter and Tabitha Marie Mathilde Pidianske and Wife to John Freeman. My clan is by no means small, We are over 5,ooo members that cross Tennessee to Oklahoma who can all trace our lineage back with documents. I would LOVE to find a way to bring our Ancestors names back. If anyone knows of a group trying please reach out to me.

    1. John and Tabitha Freeman are my 7th grandparents. I would like to know how You found Tabitha’s full name and any other information pertaining to them.
      Gary Freeman

  2. douglas A Gonser

    I just found out I’m related to Chief Thomas Hoyter whos father was Chief John Hoyter on my mothers side.

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