E- New Mexico Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

El Morro (Span.: ´the castle`). A pre historic ruined pueblo, consisting of the remains of two blocks of dwellings, situated on the summit of a rock mesa called El Morro, or Inscription Rock, about 35m. E. of Zuni, Valencia co., N. Mex. The pueblo is reputed to be of Zuñi origin, but there is only legendary testimony of this. The peñol is called El Morro on account of its fancied resemblance to a castle from a distance, and Inscription Rock from the occurrence thereon of numerous inscriptions carved by early Spanish explorers. The earliest in date is that of Juan de Onate in 1605. For description see Bandelier in Arch. Inst. Papers, iv, 328, 1892; Cones, Garcés Diary (1775-76), 1900; Fewkes in Jour. Am Ethnol. and Archaeol. i, 1890; Hoopes and Broomall in Proc. Del. Co. (Pa ) Inst, of Sci., i, pt. 1, 1905; Lummis, Strange Corners, 164-182, 1892; Simpson, Jour., 121, 1850.( F.W.H)

Encaquiagualcaca. Mentioned by On ate (Doc. Inéd., xvi, 115, 1871) as a pueblo of the province of Atripuy, in the region of the lower Rio Grande, N. Mex., in 1598.

Encinal (Span.: ´oak grove`). Formerly a summer village of the Laguna, now a permanently occupied pueblo, situated 6 m. N. w. of Laguna, N. Mex. In 1749 an attempt was made by Father Menchero to establish a mission there for the Navaho, but it was abandoned in the following year. (F.W.H )

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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