Dakota or Sioux Indian Tribe Photo Descriptions

The word Dakota means united, confederated, or many in one, and designates the tribe from which the family takes its name. They seldom or never willingly acknowledge the title Sioux first given them by the French, and now by all whites. There are many theories as to the origin of this latter name, the most acceptable of which is that it is a corruption of the word Nadouessioux a general Chippewa designation for enemies which was gradually applied by missionaries and traders, through an imperfect understanding of the language, to the tribes thus designated. Governor Ramsey, of Minnesota, thought that the word “originated upon the Upper Missouri, among the early French traders, hunters, and trappers, they deriving it, in ail probability, from the name of a sub-band of the Ti-t’-wan (Teton), Dakotas, called Sioune, who hunted over the plains of that river, and with whom, consequently, they came most frequently in contact.

“In Lewis and Clark’s travels in 1803, they are called the Teton Saone, and their villages are located on the Missouri, near Cannonball River.

“At least we find the term Sioux first used in the early maps to designate a large tribe, with various subdivisions, upon the Upper Missouri only.”

Dakota traditions go back but a comparatively short time, and are vague and obscure in regard to their origin and early residence, which place it, however, in the Northwest, above the great lakes. In their progress eastward they early possessed themselves of the country about the headwaters of the Mississippi and the Red River of the North, where they remained as late as 1868, when they ‘were in part dispossessed by the Chippewa, who were eventually the cause of their removal to the Missouri.

Up to 1800, the Dakotas were divided into two principal divisions, those east of the Missouri, who were known as the Minnesota or Mississippi Dakotas, composed of four bands, viz: The M’dewakanton, or those of the Village of the Sprit Lake; the Wa-pe-kutes, or Leaf-Shooters; the Wah-pe-tons, or Village in the Leaves; and the Sisseton, or those of the Village of the Marsh. Most of these have been long in contact with the whites, and, having disposed of the greater portion of their lauds to the Government, have abandoned most of their old habits, and devote themselves to farming. Others of them, however, are restless and devoted to old prejudices, and cause much trouble to the settlers. The massacre of the whites in 1862 was inaugurated by the M’dewakanton, the Wahpeton and Sisseton afterwards joining them.

Along the Missouri, but living mostly on its eastern side, were the Shanktonwan (Yankton), or the People of Village at the End, inhabiting originally the Sioux, Desmoines, and Jacques Rivers, and living now principally about the mouth of the Vermillion.

The Yanktonais, a diminutive of the preceding name, and meaning the lesser or the little people of the End Village. Lewis and Clark described them as the Yankton of the Plains, or Big Devils, who were on the heads of the Sioux, Jacques, and Red Rivers. Their present range is on the Missouri, above the Yankton. From one branch of this baud the Assiniboine are said to have sprung.

Pabóksa, or Cut-head, a branch of the Yankton, and ranging above them.

The I-san-teis, or Santee, another sub-band of the Yankton, living originally in Minnesota and Iowa, but since lately on the Missouri, near the Yankton.

West of the Missouri, occupying the greater portion of Dakota, Wyoming, and portions of Montana and Nebraska, the general name of Teton, or Tetonwans (“Village of the Prairie”) has been given to the seven principal bands of the Dakotas in habiting that region. Lewis and Clark placed them on their map in only two principal divisions, viz: as the “Tetans of the Burnt Woods” (Brulé), and the “Tetans Saone,” from which some suppose the word Sioux has been derived for the whole Dakota nation. The seven subdivisions as now recognized are the

1. Siha sa-pas or Blackfeet, on the Missouri in the neighbor hood of the Cannonball River.

2. The Si-chan-koo or Burnt Thighs, (Brulé,) ranging on the Niobrara and White Rivers, from the Platte to the Cheyenne.

3. Oncpapas, or “those who camp by themselves,” who roam over the country between the Cheyenne and Yellowstone Rivers.

4. Minnekonjous, “those who plant by the water,” south of the Black Hills.

5. Itá-zip cho, or Sans Arcs, “without bows,” affiliating with the Oncpapas and Blackfeet, and ranging over much the same country.

6. Ogalalla, occupy the country between Fort Laramie and the Platte, although they are now confined to a reservation in the northwestern corner of Nebraska. Have the reputation of being the most friendly disposed toward the whites of all the Titonwans. Red Cloud, so well known as an Indian diplomat, is chief of this band.

7. O-he-nom-pas, or Two Kettles. Live principally about Fort Pierre; against whom it is said very few complaints have ever been made, they having always observed faithfully the stipulations of their treaties with the United States.

In the Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for 1875, there are twenty-one sub-bands of Dakotas enumerated, numbering, in the aggregate, 53,044. Of these, there are fourteen represented by portraits of their leading men, viz:

Blackfeet, numbering at the present time about1,750
Brulé, numbering at the present time about8, 420
Cut Heads, numbering at the present time about    200
Mdewakanton, numbering at the present time about  —–
Ogalalla, numbering at the present time about9,136
Sans Arc1,778
Santee   800
Sisseton   903
Sautee and Sisseton at Fort Peck1,000
Two Kettles2,261
Yanktonais, Upper and Lower8,129

“The Sioux are included under twelve agencies, nine in Dakota, two in Montana, and one in Nebraska, at all of which, except at Fort Belknap, a beginning in Indian farming has been made in spite of all discouragements by reason of unsuitable location and the demoralizing influence of the hostiles.” The Ogalalla at Red Cloud agency, who have almost entirely abandoned the chase on account of scarcity of game, depend almost entirely upon the Government for their support. Their small beginnings in cultivating the soil came to naught through the grasshoppers. The Brulé at Spotted Tail agency have a thriving school with 75 pupils, and cultivated some lands. At the Upper Missouri agencies but little has been done beyond feeding the Indians who report to them for that purpose, their attempts at farming resulting in failures on account of the grasshopper pest. The Yankton, Santee, Sisseton, Wahpeton, and other Sioux on the Lower Missouri and in Eastern Dakota have made more substantial progress in civilization, many of them having permanently discarded their Indian habits and dress, and live in houses, and are nearly self-supporting. The Santee in Nebraska especially have entirely renounced their old form of life; have churches and Sabbath-schools, which are regularly attended. They have a monthly paper, printed in their native language, with an edition of 1,200 copies.

List of illustrations.

252. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Front.) Blackfeet

253. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Profile.) Blackfeet

254. Pe-Ji’. Grass. (Full-length.) Blackfeet

255. Kan-Gi’-I-Yo’-Tan-Ka. Sitting Crow. (Front.) Blackfeet

256. Kan-Gi’-I-Yo’-Tan-Ka. Sitting Crow. (Profile.) Blackfeet

257. Ma’-Ya-Wa-Na-Pe-Ya. Iron Scare. (Front.) Blackfeet

258. Ma’-Ya-Wa-Na-Pe-Ya. Iron Scare. (Profile.) Blackfeet

259. Wi’-Ya-Ka-Sha. Red Plume. (Copy.) Blackfeet

920. Ma Ga’-Sha-Pa. Goose. (Copy.) Blackfeet

With the exception of the last two numbers the above represent a portion of a delegation of prominent Sioux chiefs and warriors who visited Washington in 1872. The portraits were made in Washington, and represent them in their best attire.

33G. Cin-Te-Gi-Le-Ska. Spotted Tail (Front.) Brulé.

337. Cin-Te-Gi-Le-Ska. Spotted Tall. (Profile.) Brulé
Spotted Tail has long been the chief of the Brule Sioux, and since his conversion from an intense hostility to an unswerving friendship for the white people has by them been looked upon and considered as the great chief of all the Sioux. The honors of this position are equally divided between Red Cloud and Spotted Tail; each is chief of his band only, the Indians them selves not recognizing any one man as chief of the whole nation 5 but their great executive abilities, oratorical powers, and popularity with both whites and Indians, have been the means of putting them forward as the champions of their people.

In his younger days Spotted Tail was a daring and audacious chief, murdering and massacring wherever he went. In 1854, he and his band attacked a coach, murdered all the passengers, and perpetrated horrible enormities on the dead. He was eventually captured, and imprisoned for about six mouths in the guard house at Fort Leavenworth, during which time his feelings underwent a great change. Instead of a determined foe of the pale-faces, he became their earnest friend and coadjutor in the work of pacification. It has been well said of him that u he is worth more to the Government than a dozen major-generals, with their armies to back them.”

The following extract from a speech by Spotted Tail, before a board of Indian Commissioners at Fort Laramie in 1867, will be read with interest as showing his ability as an orator: “My father and friends, your Great Father has sent you here to learn what was going on. You have come. Your Great Father has sent you to listen. Will you listen well, or only listen to half that is good and to half that is bad, and not take the whole to our Great Father f He has sent you here to hear and talk. We know you have not come with presents, but you may have a little money in your pockets that you could give them. They are poor and need help. These men here, and the old men, women, and children, have not had much to eat since they have been here, and if you could give them something it would make my heart glad. Yesterday my friends hit me a good deal; but it does not matter. I have spoken.”

Spotted Tail is of a large, commanding figure, and his face generally wears a pleasant, smiling expression. It is a difficult matter to arrive at the exact age of any Indian, and in this case it is uncertain, but is probably about 45 years. He has been to Washington four times, each time as a delegate representing the Sioux nation.

338. Spotted Tail And Squaw. Brulé

339. Squaw Of Spotted Tail. (Front.) Brulé

340. Squaw Of Spotted Tail. (Profile.) Brulé

341. I- Api Otah. Gassy. (Front.) Brulé

342. I-Api-Otah. Gassy. (Profile.) Brulé

343. I-Te’-San-Yan. Whitewash His Face. (Front.) Brulé

344. I-Te’-San-Yan. Whitewash His Face. (Profile.) Brulé

345. Che-Tan’-Ta’-Kpi’. Charge On The Hawk. (Front.) Brulé

346. Che-Tan’-Ta’-Kpi’. Charge On The Hawk. (Profile.) Brulé

347. Nom-Pa-Ap’a. Two Strikes. (Front.) Brulé

348. Nom-Pa-Ap’a. Two Strikes. (Profile.) Brulé

349. Squaw Of Two Strikes. (Front.) Brulé

350. Squaw Of Two Strikes. (Profile.) Brulé

351. Kan-Gi’-Sha’-Pa. Blade Crow. (Front.) Brulé

352. Kan Gl’-Sha’-Pa. Blade Crow. (Profile.) Brulé

353. He-Gma-Wa-Ku-Wa. One Who Runs The Tiger. (Front.) Brulé

354. He Gma-Wa-Ku-Wa. One Who Runs The Tiger. (Profile.) Brulé

355. Wanmble’-Shda. Bald Eagle. (Front.) Brulé

356. Wanmble’-Shda. Bald Eagle. (Profile.) Brulé

357. Che-Cha’-Lu. Thigh. (Front.) Brulé

358. Che-Cha’-Lu. Thigh. (Profile.) Brulé

359. Squaw Of Thigh. (Front.) Brulé

360. Squaw Of Thigh. (Profile.) Brulé

361. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Sha’-Pa. Blade Bull. (Front.) Brulé

362. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Sha’-Pa. Blade Bull. (Profile.) Brulé

363. Cho-Ni’-Cha-Wa-Ni’-Cha. No Flesh. (Front.) Brulé

364. Cho-Ni’-Cha-Wa-Ni’-Cha. No Flesh. (Profile) Brulé

365. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Front.) Brulé

366. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Profile) Brulé

367. Ma’-Za-Pon-Kis’-Ka. Iron Shell. (Full Length) Brulé

368. Ma-To’-Shi’-Cha. Wicked Bear. (Front) Brulé

369. Ma-To’-Shi’-Cha. Wicked Bear. (Profile) Brulé

370. Pa’-Hui Zi-Zi. Yellow Hairs. (Front.) Brulé

371. Pa’-Hui Zi-Zi. Yellow Hairs. (Profile) Brulé

372. I-Shta’-Ska. White Eyes. (Front.) Brulé

373. I-Shta’-Ska. White Eyes. (Profile) Brulé

374. Ma-To’-Dusa. Swift Bear. (Front.) Brulé

375. Ma-To’-Dusa. Swift Bear. (Profile) Brulé

376. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Ska. White Thunder. (Front.) Brulé

377. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Ska. White Thunder. (Profile) Brulé

378. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Front.) Brulé

379. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Profile.) Brulé

380. Ma’-Zu-Oya’-Te. Iron Nation. (Fall Length.) Brulé

All of the above, under the famous chief Spotted Tail, were members of a delegation who visited Washington in 1872, and were photographed while there.

282. Ma To’-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Bear. (Front.) Cut Head

283. Ma To’-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Bear. (Profile.) Cut Head

284. Ma-To’-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid Of The Bear. (Front.) Cut Head

285. Ma-To’-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid Of The Bear. (Profile) Cut Head

286. Ma-To’-Po’-Zhe. Bear’s Nose. (Front.) Cut Head

287. Ma-To’-Po’-Zhe. Bear’s Nose. (Profile.) Cut Head

288. Chan-Te’-Ha. Skin Of The Heart. (Front.) Cut Head

289. Chan-Te’-Ha. Skin Of The Heart. (Profile.) Cut Head

290. Pi’-Pi-Sha. Red Lodge. (Front.) Cut Head

291. Pi’-Pi-Sha. Red Lodge. (Profile) Cut Head

292. Wi-Cha-Wanmble’. Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Front.) Cut Head

293. Wi-Cha-Wanmble’. Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Profile) Cut Head

294. Squaw Of The Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Front.) Cut Head

295. Squaw Of The Man Who Packs The Eagle. (Profile.) Cut Head

197-8. Che-Tan’-Wa-Ku-Te-A Ma’-Ni. The Hawk that hunts Walking. Mdewakanton
Generally known as Little Crow. Leader of the hostile bands in the Sioux massacre of the whites in Minnesota in 1862. He had not only visited Washington, and was supposed to be friendly to the whites, but had promised to have his hair cut and become civilized; and at the time of the massacre the Government was engaged in building him a house. Upon the defeat of the Indians, Little Crow escaped into the British Territory, where he was killed the following year.

199. Medicine Bottle. Son of Little Crow. Mdewakanton

200. Sha-Kpe. Six. Mdewakanton
The massacre spoken of in connection with No. 197 was inaugurated by Sha-kpe and his band; some of his young men killed some white men while intoxicated, and then, through fear of retaliation, resolved upon an uprising and the extermination of all the whites at the agency. Sha-kpe’s band was re-enforced by the principal warriors from the Mdewakanton and Wahpeton bands, Little Crow taking the leadership. Before they were subdued, 644 men, women, and children were massacred, and 93 soldiers killed in battle.

296. Ma Hpi’-Ya-Lu’-Ta. Red Cloud. (Front.) Ogalalla

297. Ma Hpi’-Ya-Lu’-Ta. Red Cloud. (Profile.) Ogalalla
Red Cloud, who with Spotted Tail stands preeminently forward as the exponents of the peace-policy, is the great chief of the Ogalalla Sioux, and generally recognized by the military and civil authorities as the head chief of all the Sioux. Before he buried the tomahawk, Red Cloud was undoubtedly the most celebrated warrior of all the Indians now living on the American continent. He had over 10,000 people in his camps, and could put in the field 3,000 warriors. When he marched against the settlements he always went in force. He takes his name from the number of his warriors, and their red blankets and paints; it was said that his soldiers covered the hills like a red cloud.

He is now about 45 years of age, six feet in height, and straight as an arrow; his face, which is of a dark red, is indicative of indomitable courage and firmness, and his full, piercing eyes seem to take in at a glance the character of friend or foe.

Red Cloud has probably participated in more conventions, treaties, and large assemblies of his own and the white people, in which the greatest interests were involved, than any other living Indian. “A man of brains, a good ruler, an eloquent speaker, an able general, and a fair diplomat, the friendship of Red Cloud is of more importance than that of all the other chiefs combined.” While Spotted Tail has a lively vein of humor in his character, and loves to indulge in a little joke, Red Cloud is all dignity and seriousness.

The following, clipped from the report of the proceedings of the Board of Indian Commissioners at Fort Laramie, in 1870, is indicative of his earnest and impressive manner:

Red Cloud then arose, and walking toward the out side group, raised his hands toward the skies, and then touched the ground. Then all the Indians rose to their feet, as with uplifted hands Red Cloud uttered the following prayer:

“The Prayer Of Red Cloud.
“O Great Spirit, I pray you to look at us. We are your children, and you placed us first in this land. We pray you to look down on us, so nothing but the truth will be spoken in this council. We don’t ask for any thing but what is right and just. When you made your red children, O Great Spirit, you made them to have mercy upon them. Now, we are before you today, praying you to look down on us, and take pity on your poor red children. We pray you to have nothing but the truth spoken here. We hope these things will be settled up right. You are the Protector of the people who use the bow and arrow, as well as of the people who wear hats and garments, and I hope we don’t pray in vain. We are poor and ignorant. Our forefathers told us we would not be in misery if we asked you for assistance. O Great Spirit, look down on your children and take pity on them.”

298. Red Cloud And Mr. Blackmore. Ogalalla

299. Shun’-Ka-Lu’-Ta. Red Dog, (Front.) Ogalalla

300. Shun’-Ka-Lu’-Ta. Red Dog. (Profile.) Ogalalla

301. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Na-Na. Lone Wolf. (Front.) Ogalalla

302. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish Na-Na. Lone Wolf. (Profile.) Ogalalla

303. Wa-Hu’-Wa-Pa. Ear Of Corn. (Squaw Of Lone Wolf. Front) Ogalalla

304. Wa-Hu’-Wa-Pa. Ear Of Corn. (Squaw Of Lone Wolf, Profile.) Ogalalla

305. Si-Ha’-Tan’-Ka. Big Foot. (Front.) Ogalalla

306. Si-Ha’-Tan’-Ka. Big Foot. (Profile.) Ogalalla

307. Che’-Tan-Ska. White Hawk. (Front.) Ogalalla

308. Che’-Tan-Ska. White Hawk. (Profile.) Ogalalla

309. Wanmb’le-Ko-Ki’-Pa. Afraid of the Eagle. (Front.) Ogalalla

310. Wanmb’le-Ko-Iq’-Pa. Afraid of the Eagle. (Profile.) Ogalalla

311. Shun’-Ka-Wa-Kan-To. Blue Horse. (Front.) Ogalalla

312. Shun’-Ka-Wa-Kan-To. Blue Horse. (Profile.) Ogalalla

313. Wa-Cha-Pa. Stabber. (Front.) Ogalalla

314. Wa-Cha-Pa. Stabber. (Profile.) Ogalalla

315. I-Te’-Sha’-Pa. Dirty Face. (Front.) Ogalalla

316. I-Te’-Sha’-Pa. Dirty Face. (Profile.) Ogalalla

317. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Was-Te’. Good Buffalo. (Front.) Ogalalla.

318. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Was-Te’. Good Buffalo. (Profile.) Ogalalla..

319. He-Ha.’-Ka-Ta’-Ma-Ka. Poor Elk. (Front.) Ogalalla,

320. He-Ha’-Ka-Ta’-Ma-Ka. Poor Elk. (Profile.) Ogalalla.

321. He-Ha’-Ka-No’m-Pa. Two Elks. (Front.) Ogalalla.

322. He-Ha’-Ka-No’m-Pa. Two Elks. (Profile.) Ogalalla,

323. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Han-Ska. High Wolf. (Front.) Ogalalla.

324. Shun-To’-Ke-Cha-Ish-Han-Ska. High Wolf. (Profile.) Ogalalla.

325. Shun’-Ka-A-Ma’-Na. Coyote. (Front.) Ogalalla.

320. Shun’-Ka-A-Ma’-Na. Coyote. (Profile.) Ogalalla.

327. Chau-Te’-Su-Ta’. Hard Heart. (Front.) Ogalalla.

328. Chau-Te’-Su-Ta’. Hard Heart. (Profile.) Ogalalla.

329. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Hun’-Ke Sni. Slow Bull. (Front.) Ogalalla.

330. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Hun’-Ke-Sni. Slow Bull (Profile.) Ogalalla.

331. He-Ha’-Ka-He-Wan’ Zhi. One Horned Elk. (Copy.) Ogalalla.

332. Chu-Tu’-Hu-Tan’-Ka. Big Rib. (Copy.) Ogalalla.

333. Wanmble’-Ki-Chi-Zu Pi. War Eagle. (Copy.) Ogalalla.

334. Ta-Shun’-Ka-Ko-Ki Pa. Old Man Afraid Of His Horses and His Chiefs. Ogalalla.

874. Cha-Sa-Tonga. Little Big Man. Ogalalla.

875. Ta-Shun’-Ka-Ko-Ki-Pa. Young Man Afraid Of His Horses. Ogalalla.

876. Washi-Ta-Tonga. American Horse. Ogalalla,

877. Ta-Oop-Che Ka. Little Wound. Ogalalla.

878. Shunka-La-Lo-Ka. He Dog. Ogalalla.

879. Mato’-Zi. Yellow Bear. Ogalalla.

880. Mato’-Yu-Mni. Three Bears. Ogalalla.

881. Ma-Wa-Ka-Yu-Na. Sword. Ogalalla.

882. Wm. Garnet, Interpreter.

883. Group Of The Preceding Eight Numbers.

260. Ma-To’-Chu-Tu’-Hu. Bear’s Rib. (Front.) Oncpapa

261. Ma-To’-Chu-Tu’-Hu. Bear’s Rib. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

262. Ta-To’-Ka-In’-Yan-Ka. Running Antelope. (Front.) Oncpapa.

263. Ta To’ Ka-In’-Yan Ka. Running Antelope (Profile.) Oncpapa.

264. He-Ma’-Za. Iron Horn. (Front.) Oncpapa.

265. He-Ma’-Za. Iron Horn. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

266. Wa-Ku’-Ta-A-Ma’-Ni. Walking Shooter. (Front.) Oncpapa.

267. Wa-Ku’-Ta-A-Ma’-Ni. Walking Shooter. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

268. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Chi’-Tan. Thunder Hawk. (Front.) Oncpapa.

269. Wa-Kin’-Yan-Chi’-Tan. Thunder Hawk. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

797. Wi-Cha’-I-We. Bloody Mouth. (Front.) Oncpapa.

798. Wi-Cha’-I-We. Bloody Mouth. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

799. Wa-Kan-Ta-I-Shni. Lost Medicine. (Front.) Oncpapa.

800. Wa-Kan-Ta-I-Shni. Lost Medicine. (Profile. Oncpapa.

801. He Sha’-Pa. Black Horn. (Front.) Oncpapa.

802. He-Sha’-Pa. Black Horn. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

803. P’sa. Bull Rushes. (Front.) Oncpapa.

804. P’sa. Bull Rushes. (Profile.) Oncpapa.

194-6. Che-Tan-Zhi. Yellow Hawk. Sans Arc

201-2. Wa-Ku’-Ta. The Shooter. Santee

203. 209. Wa’-Pa-Ha-Sha. Red Ensign. Santee.

204. Wa Kan’-Hdi-Sha’-Pa. Black Lightning. Santee.

205. O’-Wan-Cha-Du’-Ta. Scarlet All Over. Santee.

206. Cho’-Tan-Ka-Shka’-Ta. Flute-Player. Santee.

207. A-Ki’-Chi-Ta-Na Zin. Standing Soldier. Santee.

208. Wan M’di Ta-Pa’-A-Ma’-Ni. Walks Following The Eagle. Santee.

210. Ta’-Shun-Ka-Wa-Kan’-Wi Cha. His Man Horse. Santee.

211. Ma-Hp’i-Ya-I-Hua-N. Coming Among The Clouds. Santee.

212. Zi-Tka’-Da-To. Bluebird. Santee.

213. Ma-Hpi’-Ya Na’-Zin. Standing Cloud. Santee.

214. Han-Ya’-Ta-Du’-Tu. Scarlet Night. Santee.

215. Hu-Siia-Sha. Red Legs. Santee.

249. Pe-Hui-Uza-Tan Ka. Great Scalper. Santee.

250. Ta-Tan’ka-Na’-Zin. Standing Buffalo. Santee.

381. Wa-Kan’-Da. Medicine. Santee.

248. Young Brave. Santee.

251. Old Betts. (Squaw.) Santee’.

216. Seraphine Renville. (Interpreter.) Santee.

382-4. Groups With Rev. Mr. Hinman. Santee.

192. He-Pte’-Che’-Chi-Ka-La. Little Short Horn. Sisseton

187-190. Ma-Wa’-Tan’-Na-Han’-Ska. Long Mandan. Two Kettle

191. Suk-Tan’-Ka-Ge Le-Ska. Spotted Horse. Two Kettle

193. Au-Pe’-To’ Ke-Cha. Other Day. Wahpeton

217-239. Pa-Da’-Ni-A-Pa’-A-Pa’. Struck By The Ree. Yankton

218,219. Psi-Cha Wa-Kin-Yan. Jumping Thunder. Yankton.

220, 906-7. Si-Ha’-Han’-Ska. Long Foot. Yankton.

222-4. Pte-Wa-Kan’. Medicine Cow. Yankton.

221. Ma Ga’-Ska. White Swan. Yankton.

225-8. Wa-Hu’-Ke-Zi-Nom’-Pa. Two Lance. Yankton.

725. Light Foot. Yankton.

229. Wi’-Ya-Ka-No Ge. Feather In The Ear. Yankton.

230-1. Zin-Tka’-Chi-Stin. Little Bird. Yankton.

232-3. Wan-M’di-Sha’-Pa. Black Eagle. Yankton.

234. Ma To’-I-Wan-Ka’. Bear Lying Down. Yankton.

235. Ta-Tan-Ka-In’-Yan-Ka. Running Bull. Y T Ankton.

236. He-Ha’-Ka-A Ma; -Na. Walking Elk. Yankton.

237. He-Ha^-Ka-A-Na^Zin. Standing Elk. Yankton.

238. Ma-To^Sa-Bi-Cha. Smutty Bear. Yankton.

240-1. Smutty Bear And Struck By The Ree. Yankton.

890. Zln-Tka-Sha’-Pa-Ma’za. Iron Black Bird. Yankton.

891. Chon-Nom’-Pa-Kin-Yan. Flying Pipe. Yankton.

892. Wa-Kin Yan-Chin-Stin. Little Thunder. Yankton.

893. Ta-.Tan^Ka-Wa-Kan’. Sacred Bull. Yankton.

894. Zin-Tka’-Kin-Yan. Flying Bird. Yankton.

896. To-Ki’-Ya-Kte. He Kills First. Yankton.

897. Na-Gi’-Wa-Kan’. Sacred Ghost. Yankton.

898-9. Ma-To’ho-Tan’-Ka. Bear With Big Voice. Yankton.

900. Tn’-Yan-Was-Te’, Pretty Rock. Yankton.

901. To’-Ka-Ya-Yu’-Za. One Who Catches The Enemy. Yankton.

902. Ku-Wa’s Chin-A-Nia-Ni. One Who Walks Home. Yankton.

903. Ma-To’-I-Wan-Ka’-A-Ma’-Nt. Bear That Wall’s Lying Down. Yankton.

904-5. Ma-To’-Wa-Yu-Mni. The Bear That Turns Around. Yankton.

908. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa’-Kan. Medicine Bull Yankton.

276. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Na’-Gi. Bull’s Ghost. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais

277. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Na’-Gi. Bull’s Ghost. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.

278. Ma-To’-Wt-Tko-Tko. Foolish Bear. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais.

279. Ma-To’-Wi-Tko-Tko. Foolish Bear. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.

280. Ma-To’-Nom’-Pa. Two Bears. (Front.) Lower Yanktonais.

281. Ma-To’-Nom’-Pa. Two Bears. (Profile.) Lower Yanktonais.

270. Na-Zu-La-Tan’-Ka. Big Head. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.

271. Na-Zu-La-Tan’-Ka. Big Head. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonats.

272. I’-Sta-Sha’-Pa. Black Eye. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.

273. I’-Sta-Sha’-Pa. Black Eye. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonais.

274. I-Cha’-San-Tan’ Ka. Big Razor. (Front.) Upper Yanktonais.

275. I-Cha’-San-Tan’-Ka. Big Razor. (Profile.) Upper Yanktonais.

170. Wa-Kan’-Du’-Ta. Red Thunder. (Front.)

171. Wa-Kan’-Du’-Ta. Red Thunder. (Profile.)

172. Hav-Ka-Wash-Ti. Good Hawk. (Front.)

173. Hav-Ka-Wash-Ti. Good Hawk. (Profile.)

174. Pe-Han’-Sa-A-Ma’ni. Walking Crane. (Front.)

175. Pe-Han’-Sa-A-Ma’ni Walking Crane. (Profile.)

176. Wanmdi-Zi. Yellow Eagle. (Front)

177. Wanmdi-Zi. Yellow Eagle. (Profile.)

732. Hatona. Many Horns. (Front.)

733. Hatona. Many Horns. (Profile.)

734. I-Ste-Sa’-Pa. Black Eye. (Front.)

735. I-Ste-Sa’-Pa.Black Eye. (Profile.)

736. Ta-Tan-Ka- Han-Ska. Long Fox. (Front.)

737. Ta-Tan-Ka-Han-Ska. Long Fox. (Profile.)

908. Ta-Tan’-Ka-Wa-Kan’, Medicine Bull.

916. Ma-Za’-O-Zan-Zan.

917. He-Ha’-Ka-Ma-Zu’. Iron Elk.

919. Wanmdi-Yan’-Ka. Great Eagle.

923. Hin Kan-Du’-Ta. Red Owl.

925. Cut Nose.

927. Ma-Zu’-Ku’-Ta. Iron Shooter.

931. Tall Feather Joining.

932. Wa-Kan’-O-Zan-Zan. Medicine Bottle.

933. O-Ta-Dan. Plenty.

895. Chief With The Big War Bonnet.

244. War Dance.

815. General Sherman And Commissioners At Fort Laramie.

816. Commissioners In Council, Fort Laramie.

817. Old Man Afraid Of His Horses, And Group.

818-830. Miscellaneous Groups About Fort Laramie.

831. Sioux Burial.

832-5. Groups About Fort Laramie.

838. Indian Delegation At The White House.

839-41. St. Mary’s Mission, Kansas.

845. The Sergeant Of The Guard.

Dakota, Sioux,

Source: Descriptive Catalogue, Photographs Of North American Indians . United States Geological Survey of the Territories, 1877 by W. H. Jackson, Photographer of the Survey, F. V. Hayden, U. S. Geologist.

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