A- Alabama Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Abihka. One of the oldest of the Upper Creek towns; exact location unknown, but it was near upper Coosa River, Alabama.

Abikudshi (‘Little Abihka’). A former Upper Creek town in North Talladega County, Alabama, on the right bank of Tallahatchee Creek, 5 miles east of Coosa River. It was settled by Abihka Indians and some of the Natchez. Bartram (1775) states that the inhabitants spoke a dialect of Chickasaw, which could have been true of only a part.

Acpactaniche. A town, probably Muskhogean, located on De l’Isle’s map of 1703 on the headwaters of Coosa r., Ala.

Alkehatchee. A former Upper Creek town on Tallapoosa r., Ala.

Anatichapko (Anáti-chápko ‘long thicket’) . A former Creek village on a N. tributary of Hillabee cr., a branch of Tallapoosa r., Ala. A battle occurred there during the Creek or Red Stick war, Jan. 24, 1814. Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., I, 126, 1884.

Assilanapi (yellow or green leaf tree). A former Creek town, probably on Yellowleaf cr., a tributary of Coosa r., Ala. There is a township of the same name in the Creek Nation, Indian Ter. Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., I, 128, 1884.

Atagi. One of the 4 Alibamu towns formerly situated in what is now Autauga co., Ala., extending 2 m. along the w. bank of Alabama r., a short distance w. of the present Montgomery. Autaugaville, Autauga cr., and Autauga co. are named after it. Hawkins (1798) speaks of it as a small village 4 m. below Pawokti, and says that the people have little inter course with the whites but are hospitable. Schooler (Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, iv, 578, 1854) states that it contained 54 families in 1832. (A. S. G.)

Atasi (Creek: ă′tăssa, ‘warclub’. Gatschet) . An ancient Upper Creek town on the s. side of Tallapoosa r., in Macon co., Ala., adjoining Calibee cr., 5 in. above Huthliwathli town. In 1766 it contained about 43 warriors, and when seen by Hawkins, about 1799, it was a poor, miserable-looking place. On Nov. 29, 1813, a battle was fought there between the Creeks and Jackson’s troops. The name was later applied to a town in the Creek Nation, Indian Ter., the people of which are called Atasálgi. See Jefferys, French Dom. Am., 135, map, 1761; Bartram, Trav., 454, 1791; Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., I, 128, 1884; II, 185, 1888.

Atchinaalgi (cedar grove people). A former small village of the Upper Creeks, on a tributary of Tallapoosa r. , probably in Tallapoosa co., Ala. It was their northernmost settlement in the 18th century, and was destroyed by Gen. White, Nov. 13, 1813. (A. S. G.)

Atchinahatchi (cedar creek) . A former branch settlement of the Upper Creek village of Kailaidshi, on a small stream of the same name, a tributary of the Tallapoosa, probably in Coosa co., Ala. ( A. S. G. )

Aucheucaula. A former Creek town situated on the E. bank of Coosa r., in the extreme N. w. corner of Coosa co., Ala. Royce in 18th Rep. B. A. E., Ala. map, 1900.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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