Mississippi Indian Tribes

The following tribes at one time are recorded in history as having resided within the present state of Mississippi. If the tribe name is in bold, then Mississippi is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Mississippi and provide a link to the main tribal page if available.

  • Acolapissa Indians
    When first known to Europeans, this tribe lived on Pearl River, partly in what is now Mississippi, partly in Louisiana, but they were more closely associated with Louisiana in later times and will be treated among the tribes of that State.
  • Biloxi Indians
  • Capinan Indians
    The name of a body of Indians connected in French with the Biloxi and Pascagoula and probably a branch references with of one of them.
  • Chakchiuma Indians
  • Chickasaw Indians
  • Choctaw Indians
  • Choula Indians
    Bernard de La Harpe gives this as the name of a small tribe of 40 individuals on the Yazoo River. There is some reason to think it was applied to a part of the Ibitoupa tribe. The name means “fox” in Chickasaw and Choctaw.
  • Grigra Indians
  • Houma Indians
  • Ibitoupa Indians
  • Koasati Indians
    A band of Koasati moved from Alabama to Tombigbee River in 1763 but returned to their old country a few years later impelled by the hostilities of their new neighbors.
  • Koroa Indians
  • Moctobi Indians
    This name appears in the narratives of the first settlement of Louisiana, in 1699, applied to a tribe living with or near the Biloxi and Pascagoula. It is perhaps the name of the latter in the Biloxi language, or a subdivision of the Biloxi themselves, and is best treated in connection with the latter.
  • Natchez Indians
  • Ofo Indians
    see Mosopelea Indians.
  • Ofogoula Indians
    see Mosopelea Indians.
  • Okelousa Indians
    A tribe living at one time in northern Mississippi.
  • Pascagoula Indians
  • Pensacola Indians
    This tribe moved inland from Pensacola Bay near the end of the seventeenth century and in 1725–26 had established themselves near the Biloxi on Pearl River.
  • Quapaw Indians
    When the French discovered this tribe in 1673 one town was on the east side of the Mississippi, but before 1700 it moved to the western bank.
  • Taposa Indians
  • Tiou Indians
  • Tunica Indians
  • Yazoo Indians

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953.

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