Koroa Tribe

Koroa Indians. A small tribe, perhaps related to the Tonika, whose home was on the west bank of the Mississippi below the Natchez, on the Yazoo, and in the country intervening westward from the Mississippi. They were visited early in 1682 by La Salle, who described their cabins as dome-shaped, about 15 ft high, formed chiefly of large canes, and without windows 1 . They were considered warlike, and were cruel and treacherous. In 1705 a party of them, hired by the French priest Foucault to convey him by water to the Yazoo, murdered him and two other Frenchmen. LaSalle observed that their language differed from that of the Taensa and Natchez, but their customs were the same. All afterward moved to and settled on Yazoo River, Mississippi, where in 1742 they lived in the same village as the Yazoo. They were then allies of the Chickasaw, but were later merged with the Choctaw and their identity as a separate organization was lost. Allen Wright, whose grandfather was of this tribe, informed Gatschet 2 that the term Koroa, or Coroa, was neither Choctaw nor Chickasaw, and that the Koroa spoke a language differing entirely from the Choctaw.Citations:

  1. Margry, Déc., 1, 558, 1876[]
  2. Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., 1, 48, 1884[]


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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