Georgia Indian Tribes

The following tribes at one time are recorded in history as having resided within the present state of Georgia. If the tribe name is in bold, then Georgia is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Georgia and then provide a link to the main tribal page.

  • Apalachee Indians
    After the English and Creeks destroyed the Apalachee towns in Florida in 1704, they established a part of the tribe in a village not far below the present Augusta. In 1715, when the Yamasee war broke out, these Apalachee joined the hostile Indians and went to the Chattahoochee to live near that faction of the Lower Creeks which was favorable to Spain. Soon afterward, however, the English faction gained the ascendency among the Creeks, and the Apalachee returned to Florida.
  • Apalachicola Indians
  • Chatot Indians
    Some of these Indians lived at times in the southwest corner of this State.
  • Cherokee Indians
    From early times the Cherokee occupied the northern and northeastern parts of Georgia, though from certain place names it seems probable that they had been preceded in that territory by Creeks.
  • Chiaha Indians
  • Chickasaw Indians
    A band of Chickasaw lived near Augusta from about 1723 to the opening of the American Revolution, and later they were for some time among the Lower Creeks.
  • Creek Indians
    A part, and perhaps a large part, of the Indians who afterward constituted the Creek Confederacy were living in the sixteenth century in what the Spaniards called the province of Guale on the’ present Georgia coast. Some of them moved inland in consequence of difficulties with the Whites, and in the latter half of the seventeenth century most of those afterward known as Lower Creeks were upon Chattahoochee and Ocmulgee Rivers, the latter river being then called Ocheese Creek, from the Hitchiti name given to the Indians living on it. After the Yamasee War (1715) all assembled upon Chattahoochee River and continued there, part on the Georgia side of the river, part on the Alabama side, until they removed to the present Oklahoma early in the nineteenth century. (See Creek Confederacy and Muskogee)
  • Guale Indians
  • Hitchiti Indians
  • Kasihta Indians
    One of the most important divisions of the Muskogee, possibly identical with the Cofitachequi of the De Soto narratives.
  • Muskogee Indians
  • Oconee Indians
  • Okmulgee Indians
  • Osochi Indians
    A division of the Lower Creeks which lived for a time in southwestern Georgia.
  • Sawokli Indians
    A division of the Creeks belonging to the group of towns that spoke the Hitchiti language.
  • Shawnee Indians
    The Shawnee band which settled near Augusta concerns South Carolina and Georgia almost equally. Their history has already been given in treating the tribes of the former State. (See also Tennessee.)
  • Tamathli Indians
  • Timucua Indians
    One contact between the Timucua Indians and Georgia is mentioned later in connection with the Osochi. When the Spaniards first came in contact with them, the Timucua occupied not merely northern and central Florida but Cumberland Island and a part of the adjacent mainland. The Timucua evidently withdrew from this territory as a result of pressure exerted by northern Indians in the latter part of the seventeenth century or the very beginning of the eighteenth. (See Utina)
  • Yamasee Indians
  • Yuchi Indians
  • Yufera Indians


Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953.

33 thoughts on “Georgia Indian Tribes”

  1. Cassandra
    In answer to “Barb”, and in your defense…

    You are mistaken and must be corrected regarding the legal and lawful designation and description of the term “Mulatto” as described by the “The Act of 1705, Number 3, Hennings, Statutes-at-Large, number 252”, which states that “a Mulatto is one who is born of an Indian, and the child, grandchild, or great-grandchild of a Negro”. The statute goes on to say its NOT NECESSARY (all caps mine) for a Mulatto to have any portion of white blood.
    Cassandra Moss is well within her rights to continue searching for her “Native” ancestry, and i hope she continues to do so, and that you do not continue to deter her, or anyone else from doing so. I, like Cassandra, and so many other misnomered “African Americans” , are discovering that we can find the necessary documentation in this country’s own records, such as the Library of Congress, and National Archives. Its a new day, and we can no longer be blocked from our true Aboriginal story on this continent.
    In fact, instead of blocking us, try assisting us for a change…

  2. Shannon Taylor Whitehead

    Hi, I would like to if anyone ever heard of the Faux.. Millwood GA? My granddaddy “Chummie Taylor “mother was Indian but I dont have much information .

  3. there’s no such thing as African American as far as a status… A great percentage of dark skinned people here in America were not brought here on slave ships… The sun did shine over America as it does now and my point in saying that is we are aboriginal to America as we as dark melanated people are anywhere on the planet. But alot of research alot of talking to family and breaking down barriers because we have been done so wrong when it comes to law, culture, via paper genocide divisive efforts, so much more…
    Good search…

  4. Hello,
    Got your comment. My sister looked on and she said the records show that my grandmother was Mulatto, and her mother was a full-blooded Indian and her father was European. Sometimes the records can be an error/or like you said there was discrimination. I saw on TV history how some full-blooded Indians were named Blacks but still they were Indians. My father told me when he was alive that his mother was Half-Indian. Also one of my cousins said that her mother was a whole Indian. Well will find out some more information; and will let you know. Based on what you said; will find out; and if my Great-Grandmother was Mulatto, hey we still have some strong Indian Blood. I may have 1/4th. What do you think??
    ~ Cassandra Moss~

  5. Again, census records indicate that your Great Grandmother was mulatto, not Indian. In other words, she was a black and white mix. Because discrimination was so high in the south, a lot of mulatto told everyone they were Indian. It was very common. A DNA test would likely confirm this.

  6. Hello, this is Cassandra Moss. Got your reply. Seems that my best bet is to find information from family who may have documentations, etc.,
    But it was told from other family members who more that I do about this. But My Great-Grandmother was full-blooded Indian and her daughter was Half-Indian.
    Records are very hard to find when a person don’t have the proof. Thanks, for helping me.

  7. You asked for proof with papers…Common Sense will tell you and history will tell you that many American Natives
    Has no proof because of the way they was treated
    Now here you come with you have to have proof not caring what b had happened in history
    you no one going to tell me that my Native American heritage is not happening
    what if I asked you to show me all your family history papers, you wouldn’t be able to do so
    and look how you feel if you wouldn’t be able to show all your family history papers

  8. My Father was born in North Carolina of the Cherokee tribe
    My Mother was born in Georgia of the Blackfeet and Cree nation
    I am George E Brooks I was born in Manhattan, New York City
    my Mother and Father has past on but I have some history about my family
    in 1980 I met an old lady in Georgia, I was with a cousin, the Lady walked up to me I have never seen this
    lady in my life, she said to me, you are Rudeen’s son I said yes I am. she said you have your mother’s face
    I said wow, she said I was there when your mother was born, I said to her how in the world do you know me
    she said I told you, have your mother’s face…I seen her only once in my life, Oh, by the way she said that my Mother was born in a house in Georgia.

  9. I assume you mean Cherokee. There are two recognized Cherokee Tribes. Cherokee Nation is in Oklahoma. The only way to become a citizen is to be a descendant of someone on the Dawes roll. The Eastern Band of Cherokees is in North Carolina. The only way to become a citizen is to be a descendant of someone on the Baker roll. If you are a descendant of someone on one of those two rolls, then you have to provide a paper trail of that (birth certificates).

  10. The 5 tribes of the southeast were removed to Indian Territory back in the 1830s. There were some Natives who were able to remain behind, particularly in Florida (Seminole). Augusta is not the key here, there is no telling where your birth parents came from. If you have taken a DNA test, you can match with other blood relatives on Ancestry. Find the closest match with Native DNA and contact them. They should be able to tell you.

  11. Sorry, your family lore is not accurate. Your Grandmother and Great Grandmother were mulatto, black and white mixed, not Native American. It was very common for mulatto in the south to try and pass for Native. There are census back to 1870 that confirm this.

  12. Your best bet is to put together a family tree. If you are lucky, there is a paper trail that will lead you back to the tribe. In cases like yours, it’s a long shot.

  13. Jan Clifton Watford

    My mother’s paternal and maiden name is Westmoreland. Please contact me and I can give you some resources . They were from Murray County, Ga , which became Dalton, Ga

  14. Frances McGinnis

    Hello, I’m Frances, My family is from the Lincoln/Augusta Ga. area. Both parents were born in Lincolnton Georgia (Double Branch). I have done my dna and my oldest brothers’, we both show East Asian and Native American dna. I have been told that our family had Native in our dna, but how do I go about finding out what tribe? I’m African American (what ever that is)…..I believe that my ancestry connection with the Natives starts with Africans already in the Americas.

  15. Where there any American Indians in coffee county,Georgia?? My grandmother was half Indian, and European ancestry.
    Her mother was a full blood Indian, and her father was white. Her husband was African descent with Caribbean ancestry(Jamaican) ancestry. My grandmothers maiden name was Wootson. So her full name was Callie Wootson Moss.

    Cassandra Moss
    PO Box 472452
    Miami, Florida 33247

  16. I was born in Augusta, Ga in 1959 – 24%American Indian, 41% British- what tribe was in Augusta, Ga at that time ? I am adopted so have no information on my birth history. If I go to Augusta is there someplace to find out information???

  17. I would like to receive an application for the ANI-YUN-WIYA Tribe. I would love to register, receive my card and be a part of this great nation. Please help! Thank you Jacqueline Hess

  18. Are there any local Native Americans around the Atlanta or even Alabama area. I would love to start participating in events. I’m African American and Cherokee from what i was told. My great grandmother was Native American and died in Alabama.

  19. Any one from or close to Americus Georgia. My great grandmother Mary lou wellon is as far back as I can trace. Any info no matter how small helps. Born 1912 or 13

  20. Tommy go to the youtube page for Dane Calloway. He has a lot of informative information on this topic

  21. Hi Im from Georgia as well not sure if were related but my great great grandmother was Ida Black from White County Ga,before she married and became a Westmoreland.

  22. Hey, I’m looking any info about my roots…
    My father name is/was John dancing cloud (as far as I’ve been told, it’s very common name).
    My mom was lived in Georgia, but she run away to Israel few months before I was born.
    Well, it was in the 70’s, and white people dont take I so easily, she actually run for her life and changed her name.
    All my life I feels connected to nurture and not to people, and just recently I discovered why…
    Can anyone help?

  23. Hey my name us Tommy Mccaskill. I am s “so calles” African American. I believe that black people are native Americans as well, so I’m trying to find out tribe my ancestors are from?

  24. Do you have more specific location information than Georgia? Our family might be able to help track local information. We live just north of Atlanta.

  25. I am looking for information about my maternal great-grandmother, Frances (Fannie) Black. She was born in Georgia about 1855 to Joseph Albert Black and a Native American woman. Joseph Albert Black, her father, was born about 1829. Any information would be greatly appreciated. Frances Black married William Henry Eason.

  26. any information about anna harper, jurieta connally or ailsey downing would be greatly apprecialted

  27. I also would like to protect the Clouds Creek and spring from industrial farming
    leaving the land to my people
    George E Brooks
    Burnaby, BC Canada
    Ps: by the way I am a Native American living in Canada

  28. Hello, I want to protect Clouds Creek and my spring from Industrial farming. I also wish to consider leaving my land to the Indians. Please contact me. Thank you,
    Patty Karol
    82 Paul Lane
    Crawford, GA 30630

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