Native Americans played the same rolls as many other Americans who entered into World War 2. They enlisted, fought in battles, suffered wounds, many were killed, some were captured, some received medals. Many of the women and men who didn’t go off to war, still participated at home, joining service groups and volunteering their time. This manuscript provides stories of these brave men and women Native Americans who fought for freedom during World War 2, casualty lists of injured, POW’s and KIA’s, as well as taking a brief look at the most important Navajo Code Talkers roll in WW2.
Collection: Indians in the War
Twenty-one employees of the Indian Service gave their lives for the cause of freedom and justice, some of them in action against the enemy, some in training, some by accident, and some by illness. There will be more names to add to the list when the reckoning is completed.
Six grandsons of the Reverend Ben Brave, retired Sioux minister, have shown their patriotism by donning uniforms. Four went into the Army, one into the Navy, and one into the Coast Guard.
Many Indians reported as prisoners of war have now been released and have come home again. Lt. Frank Paisano, Jr., a prisoner of the Germans, has returned to Laguna Pueblo. During his absence he was awarded the Air Medal, which his wife accepted in his name. Omar Schoenborn, Chippewa, once reported dead, was one of 83 men who escaped death when the prison ship carrying them to Japan was sunk off Leyte. He managed to swim ashore and to hide from the Japanese until the arrival of the American forces. Gilmore C. Daniels, Osage, who joined the Royal Canadian Air
Indian women, anxious to help out during the war-created manpower shortage, have made an astonishingly large contribution to their country’s needs. Thousands of them have left their homes to work in factories, on ranches and farms, and even as section hands to replace men who were vitally needed elsewhere. They have joined the nurses’ corps, the military auxiliaries, the Red Cross, and the American Women’s Voluntary Service. Not content with this, they have given their services in many other and more unusual ways. More than 500 Eskimo and Indian women and girls worked day and night manufacturing skin clothing, mittens,
The Congress and the state legislatures have passed many low providing various benefits for all veterans except those who have been dishonorably discharged from the armed services. Many of you know what these benefits one; but when you come home you will find at the agency someone who can tell you just how to apply for the benefits which you want, and what you must do to qualify. There is no distinction made between Indians and any other veterans. Every organization serving the veteran will serve you. Your Selective Service Board to which you report within ten days after your
By Lt. Frederick W. Sleight, USNR The story of the American Indian and his efforts in this second great world struggle is not limited to the exploits of soldiers. Men and women too old or too young for service with the armed forces have volunteered for work in the war industries as well as in food production. This report on one of the U.S. Navy’s greatest land-based activities illustrates the intense desire of the Indian people to serve where they are directly connected with the work of the war. The Naval Supply Depot at Clearfield, Utah, has as its aim
The following Indians Wounded in Action, are listed by Name, Tribe and Location of death. The name under the photograph is the person shown. No additional information was provided in the book. Utah Sammy Arrats, Ute, Tarawa Richard Burson, Ute, Iwo Jima Alfred Parriette, Ute, Pacific Harvey Natchees, Ute, Belgium Henry Drye, Paiute, Italy Washington James Wilson, Swinomish, New Guinea Harold Jackson, Clallam James R. Alexander, Lummi, France Howard A. George, Lummi, Germany Benjamin W. Hillaire, Lummi, Germany Anthony Jefferson, Lummi, France Bert H. Jefferson, Lummi, Philippines Forrest L. Kinley, Lummi, Philippines Charles Owens, Europe Bernard Bumgarner, Quinaielt, Europe William
The following Indians Wounded in Action, are listed by Name, Tribe and Location of death. The name under the photograph is the person shown. No additional information was provided in the book. Oregon John Sampson, Cayuse-Umatilla, France Edson Chiloquin, Klamath-Modoc Roland Jackson, Klamath-Paiute LeRoy A. Moore, Klamath-Madoc Marvin J. Walker, Klamath John Jackson, Jr., Klamath South Dakota Theodore Taylor, Sioux (Flandreau), New Guinea Ralph Gullickson, Sioux (Flandreau) Aochen Warren Gullickson, Sioux (Flandreau), Leyte Woodrow Keeble, Sioux (Sisseton), North Africa Francis Adams, Sioux (Sisseton), Italy Joseph Gray, Sioux (Sisseton), Germany Leroy Heminger, Sioux (Sisseton), France Nathan Wilson, Sioux (Sisseton), Germany Floyd
The following Indians Wounded in Action, are listed by Name, Tribe and Location of death. The name under the photograph is the person shown. No additional information was provided in the book. Rudoph Allen, Tonkawa, Europe Oland Kemble, Pnoca, France Levi Horsechief, Pawnee, Europe Marcellus Choteau, Kaw, Philippines Gale New Moon, Ponca, Europe Lawrence Good Fox Jr., Pawnee, Europe James Armstrong, Jr., Caddo-Cheyenne, Pacific Francis Bates, Arapaho, Europe Harold S. Beard, Cheyenne-Arapaho, Aleutians Rubin Bent, Quapaw-Cheyenne, Europe Oliver Black, Cheyenne, Europe Richard Boynton, Jr., Cheyenne-Arapaho, Europe Roy Bullcoming, Cheyenne, Europe Richard Curtis, Jr. , Cheyenne, Mediterranean William M. Fletcher, ,