Chimakum Indians

Chimakum Indians. Significance of the name is unknown. Also called:

  • Aqokdlo, own name.
  • Port Townsend Indians, popular name.

Chimakum Connections. The Chimakum, the Quileute, and the Hoh (q. v.) together constituted the Chimakuan linguistic stock, which in turn was probably connected with the Salishan stock.

Chimakum Location. On the peninsula between Hood’s Canal and Port Townsend.

Chimakum History. The Chimakum were constantly at war with the Clallam and other Salish tribes and, being inferior in numbers, suffered very much at their hands. They were included in the Point-no-Point Treaty of 1855 and placed on the Skokomish Reservation, where they gradually diminished in numbers until, in 1890, Boas was able to find only three individuals who could speak their language, and then but imperfectly.

Chimakum Population. Mooney (1928) estimates 400 Chimakum in 1780, and Gibbs (1877), 90 in 1855. The census of 1910 enumerated 3.

Connection in which the Chimakum have become noted. Attention was called to the Chimakum in early days by their warlike character and the uniqueness of their language.

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953.

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