Founded in 1883-84, the Chilocco Indian Agricultural School was one of the first, large off-reservation boarding schools established by the Federal government for the education of American Indian students. It offered academic and vocational training to children of tribes across the United States. This dataset comprises an historical collection of manuscripts and records pertaining to the school and its pupils.
Topic: Indian Schools
Agencies and Schools listed below are what were listed for the state. Slight indent after an Agency list all schools in that jurisdiction. Colville Agency and School, Washington Post-office: Miles, Washington Telegraph address: Davenport, Washington; Western Union, 28 miles from school; thence telephone. Railroad station: Davenport, Washington, on Washington Central branch of Northern Pacific Rwy. via Spokane; thence stage daily, except Sunday, to Miles, 28 miles. Or Creston, on same railroad: thence hired team, 20 miles. Colville mission school. Post-office: Ward, Washington Telegraph address: Ward, Washington, via Meyers Falls, Washington. Railroad station: Ward, Washington, on Spokane Falls and Northern Rwy.;
Fort Shaw Industrial Indian Boarding School opened in 1891 in Montana. It was discontinued 30 June 1910, due to declining enrollment. In 1904, it had a famous girls’ basketball team that barnstormed its way to St. Louis playing basketball and performing, and won the “World Championship” at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair. This census was requested by the Department of the Interior for a listing of all the Indians enrolled at Fort Shaw Indian School for June 1910 in answer to Circular #448. Key to Relation Father – F Mother – M Sister – S Brother – B Aunt
Beginning in 1878 the goal was to assimilate Indian people into the general population of the United States. By placing the Indian children in first day schools and boarding schools it was thought this would be accomplished. Federal policy sanctioned the removal of children from their families and placed in government run boarding schools. It was thought they would become Americanized while being kept away from their traditional families. This collection of data focuses on providing the details – names, tribal affiliation, ages, and other data to specifically identify the Native children who boarded, institutionalized, and sometimes died in these “schools.”