Condition of the North Carolina Indians in 1890

Bryson City Courthouse, Swain County, North Carolina, Post Office of the Agency
Bryson City Courthouse, Swain County, North Carolina, Post Office of the Agency

The statistics and condition of the Indians given in the present bulletin, as provided in the census law of March 1, 1889, show the status of the Eastern Band of Cherokees of North Carolina, with incidental mention of the Eastern Cherokees. These Indians are taxed, have developed into good citizens of the United States, and vote in North Carolina. They are almost entirely self-supporting, receiving only a small allowance from the United States for educational purposes. A few mechanics are found among them, but their chief occupations are farming, lumbering, and day labor. They are a moral, law-abiding, and industrious people, and the censuses from 1850 to 1890 show them to be increasing. The band, which has been incorporated by the general assembly of North Carolina as The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, occupies the tract known as the Qualla boundary. The other Eastern Cherokees mentioned reside in the states of Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee, and are citizens of the United States and of the states named.

The bulletin was prepared by Mr. Thomas Donaldson, expert special agent of the Census Office, and the report on the condition of these Indians was made under his direction by General Henry B. Carrington, United States army (retired), special agent for the collection of statistics of the Eastern Band of Cherokees.

Department of the Interior. Report on Indians Taxed and Indians not Taxed in the United States, Except Alaska at the Eleventh Census: 1890. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1894.

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