Shuswap Tribe

Shuswap Indians (strictly Sequa’pmug). The most important Salishan tribe of British Columbia, formerly holding most of the territory between the Columbia river watershed and Fraser river, including the basin of Thompson river above Ashcroft, embracing Shushwap or Adams lakes, and extending north to include Quesnel lake. They now occupy a number of small village reservations attached to the Kamloops-Okanagan and Williams Lake agencies, together with a small band, descendants of Chief Kinbasket, for about 60 years past permanently settled among the Kutenai. On the north they border the Tsilkotin, an Athapascan tribe; on the south and west the kindred Okanagan, Ntlakyapamuk, and Lillooet. They have probably dwindled at least one-half since the advent of the miners in their country half a century ago, but still number more than 2,100, in the following bands:.

  • Kamloops-Okanagan Agency – Adams Lake, Ashcroft, Bonaparte, Deadman’s Creek, Kamloops, Neskainlith or Halaut, North Thonipson, Little Shushwap Lake, Spallumeheen.
  • Williams Lake Agency – Alkali Lake, Canoe Creek, Clinton, Dog Creek, Fountain (occupied chiefly by Lillooet), High Bar, Pavilion, Soda Creek, Williams Lake.
  • Kootenay Agency – Kinbasket.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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