Pinal Coyotero Indians. A part of the Coyotero Apache, whose chief rendezvous was the Pinal mountains and their vicinity, north of Gila River in Arizona. They ranged, however, about the sources of the Gila, over the Mogollon Mesa, and from northern Arizona to the Gila and even southward. They are now under the San Carlos and Ft Apache agencies, where they are officially classed as Coyoteros. According to Bourke, there were surviving among them in 1882 the following clans (or bands):
They are reputed by tradition to have been the first of the Apache to have penetrated below the Little Colorado among the Pueblo peoples, with whom they intermarried 1 . They possessed the country from San Francisco mountains to the Gila until they were subdued by Gen. Crook in 1873. Since then they have peaceably tilled their land at San Carlos.
White 2 , for several years a surgeon at Ft Apache, says that they have soft, musical voices, uttering each word in a sweet, pleasant tone. He noted also their light-hearted, childish ways and timid manner, their pleasant expression of countenance, and the beauty of their women. Married women tattooed their chins in three blue vertical lines running from the lower lip.
Pinaleños (Spanish: ‘pinery people’). A division of the Apache, evidently more closely related to the Chiricahua than to any other group. Their principal seat was formerly the Pinaleño mountains, south of Gila River, southeastern Arizona, but their raids extended far into Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico. They were noted for their warlike character and continued their hostility toward the United States (not withstanding 1,051, including Arivaipa, were on the San Carlos reserve in 1876), until forced by Gen. George Crook to surrender in 1883. They are now under the San Carlos and Ft Apache agencies, Ariz., being officially known as Pinals, but their numbers are not separately reported. The Pinalenos and the Anal Coyoteros have often been confused.
- Bourke in Jour. Am. Folklore, III, 112, 1890
- White, Hist. Apaches, MS., B. A. E.,1875