Kaskaskia Indian Chiefs and Leaders

Ducoigne, Jean Baptiste. A Kaskaskia chief at the beginning of the 19th century, noted mainly for his firm adherence to the United States and friendship for the whites. Reynolds (Pion. Hist., in, 22, 1887) describes him as a cunning half-blood of considerable talent. In his Memoirs, Gen. W. H. Harrison, who had dealings with Ducoigne, speaks of him as “a gentlemanly man, by no means addicted to drink, and possessing a very strong inclination to live like a white man; indeed has done so as far as his means would allow.” Writing to the Secretary of War, he says: “Ducoigne’s long and well-proved friendship for the United States has gained him the hatred of all the other chiefs and ought to be an inducement with us to provide as well for his happiness, as for his safety.” According to Reynolds, Ducoigne asserted that neither he nor his people had shed the blood of white men. He was a signer of the treaties of Vincennes, Aug. 7 and 13, 1803; by the latter the United States agreed to build a house and in close 100 acres of land for him. He had two sons, Louis and Jefferson, and a daughter, Ellen, who married a white man and in 1850 was living in Indian Ter. The name of Louis appears on be half of the Kaskaskia in the treaty of Edwardsville, Ill., Sept. 25, 1818. Ducoigne’s death probably occurred shortly before Oct., 1832, as it is stated in the treaty at Castor Hill, of that date, that there should be reserved “to Ellen Ducoigne, the daughter of their late chief,” a certain tract of land. The name is perpetuated in that of the town of Duquoin, Perry co., Ill. (C. T.)


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This site includes some historical materials that may imply negative stereotypes reflecting the culture or language of a particular period or place. These items are presented as part of the historical record and should not be interpreted to mean that the WebMasters in any way endorse the stereotypes implied .

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Frederick Webb Hodge, 1906

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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1 thought on “Kaskaskia Indian Chiefs and Leaders”

  1. Dr. A.B. McPherson

    I grew up in Franklin County Illinois and on highway IL 149 west of West Frankfort there is a granite monument to a battle between the Kaskaskia and Shawnee Indians in 1802. There are at least three stories as to why the battle was fought but all agree that the Shawnee were victorious.

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