C- Illinois Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Chicago (Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo: shĕkagua, ‘skunk’ , and shĕkakohĕgi ‘place of the skunk’ , an ancient name for the s. part of L. Michigan, due, it is said, to a large skunk that once lived along the s. shores and was killed in the lake by a party of fox hunters. W. J.) . A Miami village on the site of Chicago, Ill., at the period of the earliest explorations in that region, 1670-1700. A French document of 1695 makes it a Wea village at that time (N. Y. Doc. Col. Hist, ix, 619, 1855). Situated on one of the routes to the Mississippi, it was a place of importance from an early date. It was the seat of the Jesuit mission of St Joseph; Marquette and Joliet passed by it on their return from their exploration of the Mississippi, and Marquette subsequently passed a winter there. Allouez took the same route in 1677, as did La Salle on his second journey, and Joutel and Cavelier were at Chicago in 1687-88, followed by La Hontan the following year. Chicago was also the name of a chief of the Illinois about 1725. See Hoffman in 14th Rep. B. A. E., 238.

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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