Abenaki Chiefs and Leaders

The following information concerning the leaders and chiefs of the Abenaki Tribe are collated from various manuscripts. While some of them include little known information, the importance of remembering them requires us to include them on our site.


Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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11 thoughts on “Abenaki Chiefs and Leaders”

  1. trying to find my connection the family always said we had to the abenaki. i am tracing my gmother rose’s family. strange thing nothing is consistent. marriage of her parents in Maine niquet and nolet and that is it but then when they moved to vermont they changed their names to young. no education no reading my grandmother has absolutely no birth certs. and her marriage register said tribus on it and the priest today cant understand why. Help please.

    also on my other side also said to be abenaki my grandfather fred martin is like a ghost!! his name appeared in the papers when he or his horse were sick he is buried in albany vermont the 1880 census has him listed as mulatto. and no one has any info on him in any clerk office…any suggestions?

    1. Louise L Deschenes

      Hello,,, You may want to see about some Martin in Quebec province… A famous singer Pierre Lalonde’s maternal name was Martin… He did sing in the 60’s in USA a bit… under the name Peter Martin… but actually did a very strong television career in Montreal… You may find him in Wikipedia for more information…

    2. Elizabeth Hammond

      Dear Ashley
      I too am trying to trace a Native American ancestor whose father was a sachem, and died in King Phillips war 1675. His daughter, Elizabeth Minnetinka Gasessett, was taken in by an English family, brought up and educated….then our English ancestor married her and they had a bunch …11+ kids. The genealogists in our family maintain that her father was of the Narragansett tribe, but I think he might have been Abenaki, because his name echoes French, and Corey’s went to Quebec after leaving Rhode Island.

      Did you know that Vermont was claimed for France, and the colony was called New France? This was in the 1500s, way before the English arrived in 1620 to settle in New England. Quebec, Vermont, Maine, parts of New Hampshire & the Maritimes were part of Abenaki territory.
      If there are any museums that honor Abenaki heritage and way of life, you could start by meeting people of the tribe, and learning about their seasonal hunting/fishing travels. Your ancestor may have followed these ancient migrations in spite of intermarrying with white folk.

  2. Hello, I’m not sure if anyone is still checking this site (as the last reply was 5 years ago) but My 4th Maternal Grandmothers last name was Cyres, first name Hattie or Etta (like our Cayers friend above) I was told that she was %100 Abenaki but when I have been looking up her family using Ancestry.com her entire family is listed as white or Canadian/French. I know that Vermont does not have a friendly history with the Native American/French or Canadian people and I was just wondering if anyone could help me find any answers. Thank you!

    1. Louise Deschenes

      Hello… We do have many CYR in Quebec province… French side… You may want to try this name on Ancestry or in French is called : MES AIEUX… meaning is “my elders”…. See also under Wikipedia for famous people CYR… Good luck…

  3. Does anyone know if any families know as cayer are from Abenaki tribes looking forinformation genealogy

    1. Louise Deschenes

      Hello… Cayer is a French Canadian name from Quebec province… Try also Wikipedia for famous Cayer… I cannot tell you if Abenaquis or not…, but many are abenaquis in Quebec province…. Good luck…

  4. Hi Evonne, I am presently writing a French – Indian series of articles to help researchers find their Native American ancestor. I’ve grown up knowing that there was Native blood in me (it was claimed Abenaki) and have just made the definitive connection, though not to a specific tribe. It’s difficult with the Abenaki unless your ancestor descended directly from the traditional tribal area in Canada or Maine in the last 100 years.

    What is your connection to the Abenaki tribe?

    1. Maternal Grandfather: Aurele Jean. Paternal Grandfather: Telesphore Rainville. Telesphore was a twin, he was a traveling Friar and I do not know his name, Telesphore entered the US through Maine during the late 1800’s. Aurele Jean entered Maine in the early 1900’s. I have only known of my Native roots in the last 6 years and I am so very proud of my Abenaki heritage and would like to know more. My grandparents never spoke of our heritage because of the Eugenics Movment. Thank you

      1. Louise Deschenes

        Hello… First… Evonne… is a very common name in Quebec province… but spelt Yvonne… We also have many Yvette… Lots of “Y”‘s… lol… And Rainville is a name close to Mainville… or Minville … a name that I know was used very often as “Minville dit Deschenes”… meaning: Minville said Deschenes… Very common in the French Quebec province… Good luck in your search…

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