A- Arkansas Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Aguacay. A large village, probably be longing to a division of a southern Caddoan tribe, formerly in the vicinity of Washita r., Ark., where salt was manufactured both for home consumption and for trade. It was visited by the De Soto expedition in 1542. See Gentl. of Elvas (1557) in French, Hist. Coll. La. II, 194, 1850; Hakluyt Soc. Pub., 197, 1851; Harris, Voy. and Trav., I, 810, 1705. (A. C. F.)

Aminoya. A province or village, possibly Siouan, situated in 1542 on the w. bank of the Mississippi, probably a short distance below the mouth of Arkansas r. It was here the remnant of De Soto’s followers, under the leadership of Moscoso, embarked for Mexico (Garcilasso de la Vega, Florida, 222, 1723). The people were probably related to the Quapaw; if not, they may have been Caddoan.

Analao. A tribe, possibly Caddoan, formerly residing on Washita r., Ark. Deputies from the Analao and Tanico (Tonica) came to the village of Cahaynohoua in 1687, when Joutel and the other survivors of La Salle’s party were there while on their way from the Red r. of Louisiana to the Mississippi. See Joutel in French, Hist. Coll. La., i, 172, 1846; Douay quoted by Shea, Discov. Miss. Val.,223, 1903. (A. C. K.)

Anoixi. A village or division, probably of a southern Caddoan tribe, formerly situated near the Hot Springs country of Arkansas. Through this region De Soto’s troops passed in the winter of 1541 on their way toward the place where De Soto later met his death. See Gentleman of Elvas (1557) in French, Hist. Coll. La., II, 182, 1850. Cf. Annocchy, a synonym of Biloxi. (A. C. F. )

Aquixo. A town visited by De Soto s army in 1541, situated on the w. bank of the Mississippi, not far from the mouth of St Francis r., Ark., and perhaps be longing to the Quapaw. (Gentl. of Elvas, 1557, quoted in French, Hist. Coll. La., n, 169, 1850.)

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906.

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