Collection: History of Black Soldiers in the Spanish-American War

What part did Black Americans do in the Spanish-American War?

Should the question be asked “how did the American Negroes act in the Spanish-American war?” the foregoing brief account of their conduct would furnish a satisfactory answer to any fair mind. In testimony of their valiant conduct we have the evidence first, of competent eye witnesses; second, of men of the white race; and third, not only white race, but men of the Southern white race, in America, whose antipathy to the Negro “with a gun” is well known, it being related of the great George Washington, who, withal, was a slave owner, but mild in his views as to

Roosevelt

Colonel Theodore B. Roosevelt

Colonel Theodore B. Roosevelt, now Governor of New York, who led The Rough Riders, tells of the Bravery of Negro Soldiers. When Colonel Theodore Roosevelt returned from the command of the famous Rough Riders, he delivered a farewell address to his men, in which he made the following kind reference to the gallant Negro soldiers: “Now, I want to say just a word more to some of the men I see standing around not of your number. I refer to the colored regiments, who occupied the right and left flanks of us at Guásimas, the Ninth and Tenth cavalry regiments.

No Color Line Drawn in Cuba

A Graphic Description-Condition in the Pearl of the Antilles-American Prejudice Cannot Exist There-A Catholic Priest Vouches for the Accuracy of Statement. The article we reprint from the New York Sun touching the status of the Colored man in Cuba was shown to Rev. Father Walter R. Yates, Assistant pastor of St. Joseph’s Colored Church. A Planet reporter was informed that Father Yates had resided in that climate for several years and wished his views. “The Sun correspondent is substantially correct,” said the Reverend gentleman. “Of course, the article is very incomplete, there are many omissions, but that is to be

Some Facts about the Philippinos

Who Aguinaldo Is. Emilio Aguinaldo was born March 22, 1869, at Cavite, Viejo. When twenty-five years old he was elected Mayor of Cavite. On August 21, 1896, Aguinaldo became leader of the insurgents. The revolution started on that day. He fought four battles with the Spaniards and was victorious in all. He lost but ten men, to the Spaniards 125. On December 24, 1897, a peace was established between Aguinaldo and the Spanish. Aguinaldo received $400,000, but the rest of the conditions of peace were never carried out. In June last Aguinaldo issued a proclamation, expressing a desire for the

Scenes of the Final Surrender

When reveille sounded Sunday morning half the great semi-lunar camp was awake and eager for the triumphal entrance into the city. Speculation ran rife as to which detachment would accompany the General and his staff into Santiago. The choice fell upon the Ninth Infantry. Shortly before 9 o’clock General Shafter left his headquarters, accompanied by Generals Lawton and Wheeler, Colonels Ludlow, Ames and Kent, and eighty other officers. The party walked slowly down the hill to the road leading to Santiago, along which they advanced until they reached the now famous tree outside the walls, under which all negotiations for

Garnes Family

General Items of Interest to the Black Race

John C. Dancy, re-appointed Collector of Port Wilmington, N.C. Salary $3,000. The appointment of Prof. Richard T. Greener, of New York, as Consul to Vladivistock. Hon. H.P. Cheatham, appointed as Register of Deeds of the District of Columbia. Salary $4,000. Hon. George H. White elected to Congress from the Second Congressional District of North Carolina, the only colored Representative in that body. The Cotton Factory at Concord, N.C., built and operated by colored people, capitalized at $50,000, and established a new line of industry for colored labor, is one of the interesting items showing the progress of the colored race

The Black Soldier

A Southerner’s Statement, That The Negro Cavalry Saved The “Rough Riders.” Some of the officers who accompanied the wounded soldiers on the trip north give interesting accounts of the fighting around Santiago. “I was standing near Captain Capron and Hamilton Fish, Jr.,” said a corporal to the Associated Press correspondent to-night, “and saw them shot down. They were with the Rough Riders and ran into an ambuscade, though they had been warned of the danger. If it had not been for the Negro Calvary the Rough Riders would have been exterminated. I am not a Negro lover. My father fought

A Colored Hero in the Navy

History records the Negro as the first man to fall in three wars of America–Crispus Attacks in the Boston massacre, March 5, 1770; an unknown Negro in Baltimore when the Federal troops were mobbed in that city en route to the front, and Elijah B. Tunnell, of Accomac county, Virginia, who fell simultaneously with or a second before Ensign Bagley, of the torpedo boat Winslow, in the harbor of Cardenas May 11, 1898, in the Spanish-American war. Elijah B. Tunnell was employed as cabin cook on the Winslow. The boat, under a severe fire from masked batteries of the Spanish

List of Colored Regiments

List of Colored Regiments that did active Service in the Spanish-American War, and Volunteer Regiments Regulars.–Section 1104 of the Revised Statutes of the United States Congress provides that “the enlisted men of two regiments of Cavalry shall be colored men,” and in compliance with this section the War Department maintains the organization of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry, both composed of colored men with white officers. Section 1108 of the Revised Statutes of Congress provides that “the enlisted men of two regiments of Infantry shall be colored men;” and in compliance with this section the War Department maintains the organization

Frank Pullen

The Conduct of the Black Soldier around El Caney

When our magnificent battleship Maine was sunk in Havana harbor, February 15, 1898, the 25th U.S. Infantry was scattered in western Montana, doing garrison duty, with headquarters at Fort Missoula. This regiment had been stationed in the West since 1880, when it came up from Texas where it had been from its consolidation in 1869, fighting Indians, building roads, etc., for the pioneers of that state and New Mexico. In consequence of the regiment’s constant frontier service, very little was known of it outside of army circles. As a matter of course it was known that it was a colored