Topic: Salishan Family

Twana Tribe

Twana Indians. A Salish division living along both sides of Hoods canal, west Washington.  The name is said to signify ‘a portage,’ the portage referred to being that between the head of Hoods canal and the headwaters of Puget Sound.  According to Eells there are three bands, the Colcine, Skokomish and Tulalip.  From the name of one of the bands all of them are sometimes called Skokomish.  Population, about 265 in 1853. They are probably the Skokomish of the Indian Office reports, numbering 203 in 1909.

Tillamook Tribe

Tillamook Indians (Chinook; ‘people of Nekelim,’ or Nehalem.  Boas). A large and prominent Salish tribe on Tillamook Bay and the rivers flowing into in, in north west Oregon.  According to Boas the culture of the Tillamook seems to have differed considerably form that of the north coast Salish, and has evidently been influenced by the culture of the tribes of North California.  According to Lewis and Clark they occupied 8 villages of which these explorers name 5; Chishuck, Chucktin, Kilerhurst, Kilherner and Towerquotton.  The same authorities place the Tillamook population at 2,200. In the reports of the Wilkes Exploring Expedition

Swallah Tribe

Swallah Indians or Swalash Indians. Said to be a band of Salish (perhaps one of the Lummi subdivisions) on Orcas Island of the San Juan group, north west Washington; now on Lummi Reservation.

Snohomish Tribe

Snohomish Indians. A Salish tribe formerly on the south end of Whidbey Island, Puget Sound and the on the mainland opposite at the the mouth of Snohomish river, Washington. Population 350 in 1850. The remnant is now on Tulalip Reservation, Washington, mixed with other broken tribes.

Skagit Tribe

Skagit Indians. A body of Salish on a river of the same name in Washington, particularly about its mouth, and on the middle portion of Whidbey island, especially at Penn’s cove. According to Gibbs the population of the Skagit proper in 1853 was about 300. They are now on Swinomish Reservation, Washington. Gibbs makes this division include the Kikiallu, Nukwatsamish, Towahha, Smalihu, Sakumehu,  Miskaiwhu, Miseekwigweelis, Swinamish, and Skwomamish; but probably nothing more is meant by this classification than that the dialects of the several divisions were nearly related and the geographical position close. Nothing like political union appears to have

Senijextee Tribe

Senijextee Indians. A Salish tribe formerly residing on both sides of Columbia River from Kettle falls to the Canadian boundary; they also occupied the valley of Kettle River; Kootenay River form its mouth to the first falls, and the region of the Arrow Lakes, British Columbia.  In 1909 those in the United States numbered 342 on the Colville Reservation, Washington.

Squaxon Tribe

Squaxon Indians. A Salish division on the peninsula between Hoods canal and Case inlet, Washington, under the Puyallup school superintendency.  Population 98 in 1909.

Semiahmoo Tribe

Semiahmoo Indians. A Salish tribe living about the bay of the same in north west Washington and south west British Columbia.  In 1843 they numbered about 300 and in 1909 there were 38 of the tribe on the Canadian side.

Satsop Tribe

Satsop Indians. A Salish division on Satsop River, emptying into Chehalis River, Washington.  Usually classed under the collective term Lower Chehalis.

Siletz Tribe

Siletz Indians. A former Salishan tribe on a river of the same name in north west Oregon.  It was the southernmost Salishan tribe on the coast.  Latterly the name was extended to designate all the tribes on the Siletz Reservation in Oregon which belong to the Athapascan, Yakonan, Kusan, Takilman, Shastan and Shahaptian linguistic families.