Topic: Chinookan

Ithkyemamits Tribe

Ithkyemamits Indians. A tribe or band of doubtful linguistic affinity, either Chinookan or Shahaptian, living in 1812 on Columbia River in Klickitat County, Washington, nearly opposite The Dalles. Their number was estimated at 600.

Multnomah Tribe

Multnomah Indians (Ne-‘malno-max, ‘down river’) A Chinookan tribe or division formerly living on the upper end of Sauvies Island, Multnomah County, Oregon. In 1806 they were estimated at 800, but by 1835, according to Parker they were extinct as a tribe.  The term is also used in a broader sense to include all the tribes living on or near lower Willametter River, Oregon. See: Lewis and Clark, Expeditions, ii, 472, 1814.

Skilloot Tribe

Skilloot Indians. A Chinookan tribe found by Lewis and Clark in 1806 residing on both sides of Columbia river in Washington and Oregon, above and below the entrance of Cowlitz river, and numbering in all 2,500 souls. The Hullooetell may have been a band of them 1Original Journal of Lewis and Clark, III, 196; vi, 68, 117, 1905 . They were among the tribes almost exterminated by the fever epidemic of 1823. Later their principal village was Cooniac, at Oak Point, Washington. In 1850 Lane placed their number at 200, but as a tribe they disappeared from view a few

Nemalquinner Tribe

Nemalquinner Indians. A Chinookan tribe, belonging to the Cushook division of the Lewis and Clark, which lived in 1806 at the falls of the Willamette, in Oregon, but also had a temporary house on the north end of Sauvies Island, where they went occasionally to collect wappatoo.  They numbered 200 in 4 houses.

Chilluckittequaw Tribe

Chilluckittequaw Indians (Chilû’ktkwa). A Chinookan tribe formerly living on the north side of Columbia river in Klickitat and Skamania counties, Washington, from about 10 miles below the Dalles to the neighborhood of the Cascades. In 1806 Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 2,400. According to Mooney a remnant of the tribe lived near the mouth of White Salmon river until 1880, when they removed to the Cascades, where a few still resided in 1895. The Smackshop were a subtribe.

Cathlamet Tribe

Cathlamet Indians. A Chinookan tribe formerly residing on the south bank of Columbia River near its mouth, in Oregon. They adjoined the Clatsop and claimed the territory from Tongue point to the neighborhood of Puget Island. In 1806 Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 300. In 1849 Lane reported 58 still living, but they are now extinct. They seem to have had but one village, also known as Cathlamet. As a dialect, Cathlamet was spoken by a number of Chinookan tribes on both sides of the Columbia, extending up the river as far as Rainier. It is regarded as

Chinook Indians

Chinook Indians. The Chinook were located on the north side of the Columbia River from its mouth to Grays Bay (not Grays Harbor), a distance of about 15 miles, and north along the seacoast to include Willapa or Shoalwater Bay. Ray (1938) makes a separate division to include the Shoalwater Chinook but it will be more convenient to treat them under one head. It is understood that they differed not at all in dialect.